Optimal operation strategies of compressed air energy storage (CAES) on electricity spot markets with fluctuating prices

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2009

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Compressed air energy storage (CAES) technologies can be used for load levelling in the electricity supply and are therefore often considered for future energy systems with a high share of fluctuating renewable energy sources, such as e.g. wind power. In such systems, CAES plants will often operate on electricity spot markets by storing energy when electricity prices are low and producing electricity when prices are high. In order to make a profit on such markets, CAES plant operators have to identify proper strategies to decide when to sell and when to buy electricity. This paper describes three independent computer-based methodologies which may be used for identifying the optimal operation strategy for a given CAES plant, on a given spot market and in a given year. The optimal strategy is identified as the one which provides the best business-economic net earnings for the plant. In practice, CAES plants will not be able to achieve such optimal operation, since the fluctuations of spot market prices in the coming hours and days are not known. Consequently, two simple practical strategies have been identified and compared to the results of the optimal strategy. This comparison shows that, in practice, a CAES plant can be expected to earn 80-90 per cent of the optimal earnings.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Thermal Engineering
Publication date2009
Volume29
Issue5-6
Pages799-806
ISSN1359-4311
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 63

Keywords

  • Electricity market optimisation, Compressed air energy storage, Energy System analysis, CAES
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