On the Properties and Long-Term Stability of Infiltrated Lanthanum Cobalt Nickelates (LCN) in Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Cathodes

Research output: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2017


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Infiltration as a fabrication method for solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) electrodes is offering significant improvements in cell performance at reduced materials and fabrication costs, especially when combined with co-sintering. However, important questions regarding the long-term performance and microstructural stability remain unanswered. Here, we present the results of a three-year project, where large footprint anode-supported SOFCs with a co-sintered cathode backbone and infiltrated La0.95Co0.4Ni0.6O3 (LCN) cathodes were developed and thoroughly characterized. The initial long-term performance and stability of this new cell type was investigated for 1500+ hours, coupled with STEM-EDS investigation of the microstructural changes in the infiltrated electrodes. Additionally, electrodes were further aged at elevated temperatures (750 - 900°C) for periods reaching up to 5000 hours, while following changes in the electrode properties using SEM, BET area, and in-plane conductivity measurements. Finally, the mechanical properties of co-sintered cathode backbone cells were determined in four-point bending tests carried out both at room temperature and at 800°C in air. Based on these results, degradation mechanisms were identified and recommendation for safe operation conditions in real life application could be formulated.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number7
Pages (from-to)F748-F758
StatePublished - 2017

Bibliographical note

This was Paper 2895 presented at the Honolulu, Hawaii, Meeting of the Society, October 2–7, 2016.

CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 3
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