On the length-scale of the wind profile

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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On the length-scale of the wind profile. / Pena Diaz, Alfredo; Gryning, Sven-Erik; Mann, Jakob.

In: Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal, Vol. 136, No. 653, 2010, p. 2119-2131.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Author

Pena Diaz, Alfredo; Gryning, Sven-Erik; Mann, Jakob / On the length-scale of the wind profile.

In: Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal, Vol. 136, No. 653, 2010, p. 2119-2131.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

Bibtex

@article{4734ca90deca4f25aa164e245ac00da8,
title = "On the length-scale of the wind profile",
publisher = "John/Wiley & Sons Ltd.",
author = "{Pena Diaz}, Alfredo and Sven-Erik Gryning and Jakob Mann",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1002/qj.714",
volume = "136",
number = "653",
pages = "2119--2131",
journal = "Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal",
issn = "0035-9009",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - On the length-scale of the wind profile

A1 - Pena Diaz,Alfredo

A1 - Gryning,Sven-Erik

A1 - Mann,Jakob

AU - Pena Diaz,Alfredo

AU - Gryning,Sven-Erik

AU - Mann,Jakob

PB - John/Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - We present the results of an analysis of simultaneous sonic anemometer observations of wind speed and velocity spectra over flat and homogeneous terrain from 10 up to 160 m height performed at the National Test Station for Wind Turbines at Høvsøre, Denmark. The mixing length, l, derived from the wind speed profile, is found to be linearly proportional to the length-scale of turbulence, derived either from the peak of the vertical velocity spectrum, (λm)w, or from a three-dimensional turbulence spectral model, for a range of atmospheric stability conditions, friction Rossby numbers, and within the range of observational heights ((λm)w ∼ 7l). Under very unstable conditions and above 100 m, the local wind shear is low, and the relation between both length-scales is slightly nonlinear. Mixing-length and wind profile models, which depend on both atmospheric stability and friction Rossby number, generally show better agreement to the observations of the length-scale and wind speed profile than the models from surface-layer theory, which show good agreement with the observations for the first 80 m only. The results from this analysis demonstrate a close connection between these two types of length-scales. Copyright © 2010 Royal Meteorological Society

AB - We present the results of an analysis of simultaneous sonic anemometer observations of wind speed and velocity spectra over flat and homogeneous terrain from 10 up to 160 m height performed at the National Test Station for Wind Turbines at Høvsøre, Denmark. The mixing length, l, derived from the wind speed profile, is found to be linearly proportional to the length-scale of turbulence, derived either from the peak of the vertical velocity spectrum, (λm)w, or from a three-dimensional turbulence spectral model, for a range of atmospheric stability conditions, friction Rossby numbers, and within the range of observational heights ((λm)w ∼ 7l). Under very unstable conditions and above 100 m, the local wind shear is low, and the relation between both length-scales is slightly nonlinear. Mixing-length and wind profile models, which depend on both atmospheric stability and friction Rossby number, generally show better agreement to the observations of the length-scale and wind speed profile than the models from surface-layer theory, which show good agreement with the observations for the first 80 m only. The results from this analysis demonstrate a close connection between these two types of length-scales. Copyright © 2010 Royal Meteorological Society

KW - Wind power meteorology

KW - Wind Energy

KW - Vindkraftmeteorologi

KW - Vindenergi

U2 - 10.1002/qj.714

DO - 10.1002/qj.714

JO - Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal

JF - Royal Meteorological Society. Quarterly Journal

SN - 0035-9009

IS - 653

VL - 136

SP - 2119

EP - 2131

ER -