Non-Markovian phonon dephasing of a quantum dot in a photonic-crystal nanocavity

Publication: Research - peer-reviewConference abstract in proceedings – Annual report year: 2012

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Single quantum dots (QDs) can be embedded in nanocavities in order to enhance the interaction with a single mode of the electromagnetic field, thereby making them candidates for applications in quantum information systems. In this work [1], we investigate the coupling between single QDs and localized modes in photonic crystal (PC) cavities. From measurements of the detuning-dependent decay rate of a QD embedded in an L3 PC cavity we find a surprisingly broadband enhancement of the decay rate, cf. Fig. 1, which cannot be explained using the standard approach of a dissipative Jaynes-Cummings (JC) model. Similar measurements on a single QD tuned through an Anderson localized (AL) mode [2] in a PC waveguide show that in this system the decay rates closely follow the JC model.
We introduce a novel microscopic model taking the interaction with longitudinal-acoustic (LA) phonons into account. Using this model, we are able to explain the broadband enhancement in an L3 cavity, and the quantitative difference compared to the AL-cavity arises from a larger background decay rate in the AL-cavity due to the presence of leaky radiation modes. The concept of the effective phonon density of states (DOS) is introduced, which determines the rate of phonon-assisted spontaneous emission. If, e.g., the QD is blue-detuned from the cavity mode, the QD can emit a photon into the cavity mode by emitting the residual energy as a phonon [3]. Our microscopic model allows us to extract the effective phonon DOS, that turns out to agree with a model for bulk phonons.
Original languageEnglish
Title11th International Workshop on Nonlinear Optics and Excitation Kinetics in Semiconductors
Number of pages1
Publication date2012
Pages82
StatePublished

Conference

Conference11th International Workshop on Nonlinear Optics and Excitation Kinetics in Semiconductors (NOEKS)
CountryGermany
CityStuttgart
Period23/09/1227/09/12
Internet addresshttp://www.uni-stuttgart.de/noeks11

Bibliographical note

Poster presentation P28.

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