Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2010
Phase-insensitive optical amplification of an unknown quantum state is known to be a fundamentally noisy operation that inevitably adds noise to the amplified state(1-5). However, this fundamental noise penalty in amplification can be circumvented by resorting to a probabilistic scheme as recently proposed and demonstrated in refs 6-8. These amplifiers are based on highly non-classical resources in a complex interferometer. Here we demonstrate a probabilistic quantum amplifier beating the fundamental quantum limit using a thermal-noise source and a photon-number-subtraction scheme(9). The experiment shows, surprisingly, that the addition of incoherent noise leads to a noiselessly amplified output state with a phase uncertainty below the uncertainty of the state before amplification. This amplifier might become a valuable quantum tool in future quantum metrological schemes and quantum communication protocols.
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