• Author: Stelzenmüller, Vanessa

  • Author: Breen, Patricia

    Fisheries and Aquaculture Science

  • Author: Stamford, Tammy

    Fisheries and Aquaculture Science

  • Author: Thomsen, Frank

    Fisheries and Aquaculture Science

  • Author: Badalamenti, Fabio

    CNR IAMC

  • Author: Borja, Ángel

    AZTI-Tecnalia

  • Author: Buhl-Mortensen, Lene

    Institute of Marine Research Tromsø

  • Author: Carlstöm, Julia

    AquaBiota Water Research

  • Author: D’Anna, Giovanni

    CNR IAMC

  • Author: Dankers, Norbert

    Wageningen IMARES

  • Author: Degraer, Steven

    Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Management Unit of the Mathematical Model of the North Sea (MUMM), Marine Ecosystem Management Section, Gulledelle 100, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium

  • Author: Dujin, Mike

    TNO, Bouw en Ondergrond, Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6, Postbus 49, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands

  • Author: Fiorentino, Fabio

    CNR IAMC

  • Author: Galparsoro, Ibon

    AZTI-Tecnalia

  • Author: Giakoumi, Sylvaine

    Hellenic Centre for Marine Research

  • Author: Gristina, Michele

    CNR IAMC

  • Author: Johnson, Kate

    Heriot-Watt University

  • Author: Jones, Peter J.S.

    University College London

  • Author: Katsanevakis, Stelios

    Hellenic Centre for Marine Research

  • Author: Knittweis, Leyla

    Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs

  • Author: Kyriazi, Zacharoula

    Ghent University

  • Author: Pipitone, Carlo

    CNR IAMC

  • Author: Piwowarczyk, Joanna

    Polish Academy of Sciences

  • Author: Rabaut, Marijn

    Ghent University

  • Author: Sørensen, Thomas Kirk

    Section for Coastal Ecology, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Charlottenlund Slot Jægersborg Allé 1, 2920, Charlottenlund, Denmark

  • Author: van Dalfsen, Jan

    Deltares

  • Author: Vassilopoulou, Vassiliki

    Hellenic Centre for Marine Research

  • Author: Vega Fernández, Tomás

    CNR IAMC

  • Author: Vincx, Magda

    Ghent University

  • Author: Vöge, Sandra

    Senckenberg Research Institute

  • Author: Weber, Anke

    Norwegian Institute for Water Research

  • Author: Wijkmark, Nicklas

    AquaBiota Water Research

  • Author: Jak, Robbert

    Wageningen IMARES

  • Author: Qiu, Wanfei

    University College London

  • Author: ter Hofstede, Remment

    Wageningen IMARES

  • Author: Julie Urquhart, Kim Acott, Minghua Zhao

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This study introduces a framework for the monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed areas (SMAs), which is currently being tested by nine European case studies. The framework provides guidance on the selection, mapping, and assessment of ecosystem components and human pressures, the evaluation of management effectiveness and potential adaptations to management. Moreover, it provides a structured approach with advice on spatially explicit tools for practical tasks like the assessment of cumulative impacts of human pressures or pressure-state relationships. The case studies revealed emerging challenges, such as the lack of operational objectives within SMAs, particularly for transnational cases, data access, and stakeholder involvement. Furthermore, the emerging challenges of integrating the framework assessment using scientific information with a structured governance research analysis based mainly on qualitative information are addressed. The lessons learned will provide a better insight into the full range of methods and approaches required to support the implementation of the ecosystem approach to marine spatial management in Europe and elsewhere.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Policy
Volume37
Pages (from-to)149-164
ISSN0308-597X
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Peer-reviewedYes
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 17

Keywords

  • Adaptive management, Marine spatial planning, Management effectiveness, Risk analysis, Spatially explicit tools, Operational objectives
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