• Author: Stelzenmüller, Vanessa

  • Author: Breen, Patricia

    Cefas, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, UK

  • Author: Stamford, Tammy

    Cefas, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, UK

  • Author: Thomsen, Frank

    Cefas, Pakefield Road, Lowestoft, Suffolk NR33 0HT, UK

  • Author: Badalamenti, Fabio

    CNR — IAMC, Via G. da Verrazzano 17, 91014 – Castellammare del Golfo (TP), Italy

  • Author: Borja, Ángel

    AZTI-Tecnalia, Marine Research Division, Herrera Kaia, Portualdea s/n, 20110 Pasaia, Spain

  • Author: Buhl-Mortensen, Lene

    Institute of Marine Research

  • Author: Carlstöm, Julia

    AquaBiota Water Research, Svante Arrhenius väg 21A, SE-114 18 Stockholm, Sweden

  • Author: D’Anna, Giovanni

    CNR — IAMC, Via G. da Verrazzano 17, 91014 – Castellammare del Golfo (TP), Italy

  • Author: Dankers, Norbert

    Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), P.O. Box 68, 1970 AB, IJmuiden, The Netherlands

  • Author: Degraer, Steven

    Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences, Management Unit of the Mathematical Model of the North Sea (MUMM), Marine Ecosystem Management Section, Gulledelle 100, B-1200 Brussels, Belgium

  • Author: Dujin, Mike

    TNO, Bouw en Ondergrond, Van Mourik Broekmanweg 6, Postbus 49, 2600 AA Delft, The Netherlands

  • Author: Fiorentino, Fabio

    CNR — IAMC, Via G. da Verrazzano 17, 91014 – Castellammare del Golfo (TP), Italy

  • Author: Galparsoro, Ibon

    AZTI-Tecnalia, Marine Research Division, Herrera Kaia, Portualdea s/n, 20110 Pasaia, Spain

  • Author: Giakoumi, Sylvaine

    Center for Marine Research (HCMR), 46.7 km Athens-Sounio, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece

  • Author: Gristina, Michele

    CNR — IAMC, Via G. da Verrazzano 17, 91014 – Castellammare del Golfo (TP), Italy

  • Author: Johnson, Kate

    International Centre for Island Technology, Heriot-Watt University, Old Academy, Stromness, Orkney KW16 3AW, UK

  • Author: Jones, Peter J.S.

    Department of Geography, UCL, Pearson Building, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK

  • Author: Katsanevakis, Stelios

    Center for Marine Research (HCMR), 46.7 km Athens-Sounio, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece

  • Author: Knittweis, Leyla

    Capture Fisheries Section, Ministry for Resources and Rural Affairs (MRRA), Fort San Lucjan, Marsaxlokk BBG 1283, Malta

  • Author: Kyriazi, Zacharoula

    Ghent University

  • Author: Pipitone, Carlo

    CNR — IAMC, Via G. da Verrazzano 17, 91014 – Castellammare del Golfo (TP), Italy

  • Author: Piwowarczyk, Joanna

    Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences, Powstancow Warszawy 55, PL-81712 Sopot, Poland

  • Author: Rabaut, Marijn

    Ghent University

  • Author: Sørensen, Thomas Kirk

    Section for Coastal Ecology, National Institute of Aquatic Resources, Technical University of Denmark, Charlottenlund Slot Jægersborg Allé 1, 2920, Charlottenlund, Denmark

  • Author: van Dalfsen, Jan

    Deltares, Marine and Coastal Systems Unit, P.O. Box 177, 2600 MH Delft, The Netherlands

  • Author: Vassilopoulou, Vassiliki

    Center for Marine Research (HCMR), 46.7 km Athens-Sounio, 19013 Anavyssos, Greece

  • Author: Vega Fernández, Tomás

    CNR — IAMC, Via G. da Verrazzano 17, 91014 – Castellammare del Golfo (TP), Italy

  • Author: Vincx, Magda

    Ghent University

  • Author: Vöge, Sandra

    Senckenberg Institute, Department for Marine Research, Südstrand 40, 26382 Wilhelmshaven, Germany

  • Author: Weber, Anke

    Norwegian Institute for Water Research

  • Author: Wijkmark, Nicklas

    AquaBiota Water Research, Svante Arrhenius väg 21A, SE-114 18 Stockholm, Sweden

  • Author: Jak, Robbert

    Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), P.O. Box 68, 1970 AB, IJmuiden, The Netherlands

  • Author: Qiu, Wanfei

    Department of Geography, UCL, Pearson Building, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK

  • Author: ter Hofstede, Remment

    Institute for Marine Resources and Ecosystem Studies (IMARES), P.O. Box 68, 1970 AB, IJmuiden, The Netherlands

  • Author: Julie Urquhart, Kim Acott, Minghua Zhao

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This study introduces a framework for the monitoring and evaluation of spatially managed areas (SMAs), which is currently being tested by nine European case studies. The framework provides guidance on the selection, mapping, and assessment of ecosystem components and human pressures, the evaluation of management effectiveness and potential adaptations to management. Moreover, it provides a structured approach with advice on spatially explicit tools for practical tasks like the assessment of cumulative impacts of human pressures or pressure-state relationships. The case studies revealed emerging challenges, such as the lack of operational objectives within SMAs, particularly for transnational cases, data access, and stakeholder involvement. Furthermore, the emerging challenges of integrating the framework assessment using scientific information with a structured governance research analysis based mainly on qualitative information are addressed. The lessons learned will provide a better insight into the full range of methods and approaches required to support the implementation of the ecosystem approach to marine spatial management in Europe and elsewhere.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine Policy
Publication date2013
Volume37
Pages149-164
ISSN0308-597X
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 8

Keywords

  • Adaptive management, Marine spatial planning, Management effectiveness, Risk analysis, Spatially explicit tools, Operational objectives
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