Microgravity Flammability Experiments for Spacecraft Fire Safety

Publication: Research - peer-reviewArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2012

  • Author: Legros, Guillaume

    Université Pierre et Marie Curie, France

  • Author: Minster, Olivier

    ESA ESTEC, Netherlands

  • Author: Tóth, Balazs

    ESA ESTEC, Netherlands

  • Author: Fernandez-Pello, A. Carlos

    UC Berkeley, United States

  • Author: T’ien, James S.

    Case Western Reserve University, United States

  • Author: Torero, Jose L.

    University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

  • Author: Cowlard, Adam J.

    University of Edinburgh, United Kingdom

  • Author: Eigenbrod, Christian

    University of Bremen, Germany

  • Author: Smirnov, Nickolay

    Moscow Lomonosov State University, Russian Federation

  • Author: Fujita, Osamu

    Hokkaido University, Japan

  • Author: Rouvreau, Sebastien

    Belisama R&D, France

  • Author: Jomaas, Grunde

    Section for Building Design, Department of Civil Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Denmark

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As fire behaviour in manned spacecraft still remains poorly understood, an international topical team has been created to design a validation experiment that has an unprecedented large scale for a microgravity flammability experiment. While the validation experiment is being designed for a re-supply vehicle like the ATV or Orbital’s Cygnus, a series of supporting experiments are being planned and conducted by the team members. In order to answer the appropriate scientific and engineering problems relevant for spacecraft fire safety, a canonical scenario that can improve the understanding of flame spread, and thus also the modeling thereof, in realistic conditions is described. Some of the parameters governing the flame spread are also identified and their scaling against the dimensions of the test specimen is briefly questioned. Then several of the current and scheduled efforts are presented in terms of their relevance for the flame spread problem. Further, it is explained how the results can be combined to enhance the understanding of fire spread in the real scale configuration and thus improve the fire safety onboard spacecrafts. The results and particularly the ones from the large scale validation experiment are crucial to the ultimate goal of the project, which is the development of predictive tools that should be capable of selecting an adaptive response to fire spread in any manned spacecraft.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 63rd International Astronautical Congress
Number of pages7
Publication date2012
StatePublished

Conference

Conference63rd International Astronautical Congress 2012
Number63
CountryItaly
CityNaples
Period01/10/1205/10/12
Internet addresshttp://www.iac2012.org/
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