Mechanisms for catalytic carbon nanofiber growth studied by ab initio density functional theory calculations
Publication: Research - peer-review › Journal article – Annual report year: 2006
Mechanisms and energetics of graphene growth catalyzed by nickel nanoclusters were studied using ab initio density functional theory calculations. It is demonstrated that nickel step-edge sites act as the preferential growth centers for graphene layers on the nickel surface. Carbon is transported from the deposition site at the free nickel surface to the perimeter of the growing graphene layer via surface or subsurface diffusion. Three different processes are identified to govern the growth of graphene layers, depending on the termination of the graphene perimeter at the nickel surface, and it is argued how these processes may lead to different nanofiber structures. The proposed growth model is found to be in good agreement with previous findings.
|Journal||Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics)|
Copyright 2006 American Physical Society
|Citations||Web of Science® Times Cited: 92|
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