Measurements of plasma composition in the TEXTOR tokamak by collective Thomson scattering

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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@article{4bf5787df3bf4b05b97591dcb5ad44b6,
title = "Measurements of plasma composition in the TEXTOR tokamak by collective Thomson scattering",
publisher = "Institute of Physics Publishing",
author = "{Stejner Pedersen}, Morten and Korsholm, {Søren Bang} and Nielsen, {Stefan Kragh} and Mirko Salewski and Henrik Bindslev and S. Brezinsek and Vedran Furtula and Frank Leipold and Poul Michelsen and Fernando Meo and Dmitry Moseev and A. Bürger and M. Kantor and {de Baar}, M.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1088/0741-3335/54/1/015008",
volume = "54",
pages = "015008",
journal = "Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion",
issn = "0741-3335",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Measurements of plasma composition in the TEXTOR tokamak by collective Thomson scattering

A1 - Stejner Pedersen,Morten

A1 - Korsholm,Søren Bang

A1 - Nielsen,Stefan Kragh

A1 - Salewski,Mirko

A1 - Bindslev,Henrik

A1 - Brezinsek,S.

A1 - Furtula,Vedran

A1 - Leipold,Frank

A1 - Michelsen,Poul

A1 - Meo,Fernando

A1 - Moseev,Dmitry

A1 - Bürger,A.

A1 - Kantor,M.

A1 - de Baar,M.

AU - Stejner Pedersen,Morten

AU - Korsholm,Søren Bang

AU - Nielsen,Stefan Kragh

AU - Salewski,Mirko

AU - Bindslev,Henrik

AU - Brezinsek,S.

AU - Furtula,Vedran

AU - Leipold,Frank

AU - Michelsen,Poul

AU - Meo,Fernando

AU - Moseev,Dmitry

AU - Bürger,A.

AU - Kantor,M.

AU - de Baar,M.

PB - Institute of Physics Publishing

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - We demonstrate the use of collective Thomson scattering (CTS) for spatially localized measurements of the isotopic composition of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. The experiments were conducted in the TEXTOR tokamak by scattering millimeter-wave probe radiation off plasma fluctuations with wave vector components nearly perpendicular to the magnetic field. Under such conditions the sensitivity of the CTS spectrum to plasma composition is enhanced by the spectral signatures of the ion cyclotron motion and of weakly damped ion Bernstein waves. Recent experiments on TEXTOR demonstrated the ability to resolve these signatures in the CTS spectrum as well as their sensitivity to the ion species mix in the plasma. This paper shows that the plasma composition can be inferred from the measurements through forward modeling of the CTS spectrum. We demonstrate that spectra measured in plasmas consisting of hydrogen, deuterium and 3He can be accurately reproduced by theory and yield inferred plasma compositions consistent with expectations. The potential to use CTS for measurements of plasma composition is of significant interest since CTS is well suited for reactor environments and since there is at present no established method to measure the fuel ion density ratio in the core of a burning fusion plasma.

AB - We demonstrate the use of collective Thomson scattering (CTS) for spatially localized measurements of the isotopic composition of magnetically confined fusion plasmas. The experiments were conducted in the TEXTOR tokamak by scattering millimeter-wave probe radiation off plasma fluctuations with wave vector components nearly perpendicular to the magnetic field. Under such conditions the sensitivity of the CTS spectrum to plasma composition is enhanced by the spectral signatures of the ion cyclotron motion and of weakly damped ion Bernstein waves. Recent experiments on TEXTOR demonstrated the ability to resolve these signatures in the CTS spectrum as well as their sensitivity to the ion species mix in the plasma. This paper shows that the plasma composition can be inferred from the measurements through forward modeling of the CTS spectrum. We demonstrate that spectra measured in plasmas consisting of hydrogen, deuterium and 3He can be accurately reproduced by theory and yield inferred plasma compositions consistent with expectations. The potential to use CTS for measurements of plasma composition is of significant interest since CTS is well suited for reactor environments and since there is at present no established method to measure the fuel ion density ratio in the core of a burning fusion plasma.

U2 - 10.1088/0741-3335/54/1/015008

DO - 10.1088/0741-3335/54/1/015008

JO - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

JF - Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion

SN - 0741-3335

VL - 54

SP - 015008

ER -