Large superconducting wind turbine generators

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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To realize large (>10 MW) direct-driven off-shore wind turbines, a number of steps are needed to reduce weight and cost compared to on-shore technologies. One of the major challenges is to provide drive trains which can comply with the large torque as the turbine rotor diameter is scaled up and the rotation speed is lowered in order to limit the tip speed of the blades. The ability of superconducting materials to carry high current densities with very small losses
might facilitate a new class of generators operating with an air gap flux density considerably higher than conventional
generators and thereby having a smaller size and weight [1, 2]. A 5 MW superconducting wind turbine generator
forms the basics for the feasibility considerations, particularly for the YBCO and MgB2 superconductors entering the
commercial market. Initial results indicate that a 5 MW generator with an active weight of 34 tons, diameter of 4.2 m
and length of 1.2 m can be realized using superconductors carrying 300 A/mm2 in a magnetic field of 4 T and an air
gap flux density of the order 2.5 T. The results are compared to the performance of available superconductors, as well
as the near future forecasted performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergy Procedia
Publication date2012
Volume24
Pages60 – 67
ISSN1876-6102
DOIs
StatePublished

Conference

Conference9th Deep Sea Offshore Wind R&D Seminar
Number9
CountryNorway
CityTrondheim
Period19/01/1220/01/12
Internet addresshttp://www.sintef.no/Projectweb/Deepwind_2012/
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

Keywords

  • Generators, Off-shore wind turbines, Superconductors
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