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@article{7ee551a8427e4997a810ffa929da26c1,
title = "Lactobacillus acidophilus induces virus immune defence genes in murine dendritic cells by a Toll-like receptor-2-dependent mechanism",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.",
author = "Weiss, {Gudrun Margarethe} and Simon Rasmussen and {Hjerrild Zeuthen}, L. and Nielsen, {Birgit Margrethe Nøhr} and Jarmer, {Hanne Østergaard} and H. Jespersen and Hanne Frøkiær",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-2567.2010.03301.x",
volume = "131",
number = "2",
pages = "268--281",
journal = "Immunology",
issn = "0019-2805",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Lactobacillus acidophilus induces virus immune defence genes in murine dendritic cells by a Toll-like receptor-2-dependent mechanism

A1 - Weiss,Gudrun Margarethe

A1 - Rasmussen,Simon

A1 - Hjerrild Zeuthen,L.

A1 - Nielsen,Birgit Margrethe Nøhr

A1 - Jarmer,Hanne Østergaard

A1 - Jespersen,H.

A1 - Frøkiær,Hanne

AU - Weiss,Gudrun Margarethe

AU - Rasmussen,Simon

AU - Hjerrild Zeuthen,L.

AU - Nielsen,Birgit Margrethe Nøhr

AU - Jarmer,Hanne Østergaard

AU - Jespersen,H.

AU - Frøkiær,Hanne

PB - Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - Lactobacilli are probiotics that, among other health-promoting effects, have been ascribed immunostimulating and virus-preventive properties. Certain Lactobacillus spp. have been shown to possess strong interleukin-12 (IL-12) -inducing properties. As IL-12 production depends on the up-regulation of type I interferons (IFNs), we hypothesized that the strong IL-12-inducing capacity of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM in murine bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) is caused by an up-regulation of IFN-beta, which subsequently induces IL-12 and the double-stranded RNA binding Toll-like receptor-3 (TLR-3). The expression of the genes encoding IFN-beta, TLR-3, IL-12 and IL-10 in DCs upon stimulation with L. acidophilus NCFM was determined. Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM induced a much stronger expression of Ifn-beta, Il-12 and Il-10 compared with the synthetic double-stranded RNA ligand Poly I:C, whereas the levels of expressed Tlr-3 were similar. Whole genome microarray gene expression analysis revealed that other genes related to viral defence were significantly up-regulated and among the strongest induced genes in DCs stimulated with L. acidophilus NCFM. The ability to induce IFN-beta was also detected in another L. acidophilus strain (X37), but was not a property of other probiotic strains tested, i.e. Bifidobacterium bifidum Z9 and Escherichia coli Nissle 1917. The IFN-beta expression was markedly reduced in TLR-2(-/-) DCs, dependent on endocytosis, and the major cause of the induction of Il-12 and Tlr-3 in DCs stimulated with L. acidophilus NCFM. Collectively, our results reveal that certain lactobacilli trigger the expression of viral defence genes in DCs in a TLR-2 manner dependent on IFN-beta.

AB - Lactobacilli are probiotics that, among other health-promoting effects, have been ascribed immunostimulating and virus-preventive properties. Certain Lactobacillus spp. have been shown to possess strong interleukin-12 (IL-12) -inducing properties. As IL-12 production depends on the up-regulation of type I interferons (IFNs), we hypothesized that the strong IL-12-inducing capacity of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM in murine bone-marrow-derived dendritic cells (DCs) is caused by an up-regulation of IFN-beta, which subsequently induces IL-12 and the double-stranded RNA binding Toll-like receptor-3 (TLR-3). The expression of the genes encoding IFN-beta, TLR-3, IL-12 and IL-10 in DCs upon stimulation with L. acidophilus NCFM was determined. Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM induced a much stronger expression of Ifn-beta, Il-12 and Il-10 compared with the synthetic double-stranded RNA ligand Poly I:C, whereas the levels of expressed Tlr-3 were similar. Whole genome microarray gene expression analysis revealed that other genes related to viral defence were significantly up-regulated and among the strongest induced genes in DCs stimulated with L. acidophilus NCFM. The ability to induce IFN-beta was also detected in another L. acidophilus strain (X37), but was not a property of other probiotic strains tested, i.e. Bifidobacterium bifidum Z9 and Escherichia coli Nissle 1917. The IFN-beta expression was markedly reduced in TLR-2(-/-) DCs, dependent on endocytosis, and the major cause of the induction of Il-12 and Tlr-3 in DCs stimulated with L. acidophilus NCFM. Collectively, our results reveal that certain lactobacilli trigger the expression of viral defence genes in DCs in a TLR-2 manner dependent on IFN-beta.

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2010.03301.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-2567.2010.03301.x

JO - Immunology

JF - Immunology

SN - 0019-2805

IS - 2

VL - 131

SP - 268

EP - 281

ER -