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Atypicalbovine pestiviruses related to bovineviraldiarrhoeavirus (BVDV) have recently been detected in cattle from South America, Asia and Europe. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical and virological aspects of dualinfection with BVDV-1 (Horton 916) and an Asianatypicalbovinepestivirus (Th/04_KhonKaen) in naïve calves, in comparison to singleinfections. Milder clinical signs were observed in the animals infected with single Th/04_KhonKaen strain. Leukocytopenia and lymphocytopenia were observed in all infected groups at a similar level which correlated with the onset of viraemia. Co-infection with both viruses led to prolonged fever in comparison to singlestrain inoculated groups and simultaneous replication of concurrent viruses in blood and in the upper respiratory tract. Following the infections all the calves seroconverted against homologous strains. Atypical pestiviruses pose a serious threat to livestock health and BVDV eradication, since they may have the potential to be widely spread in cattle populations without being detected and differentiated from other BVDV infections.
Original languageEnglish
JournalComparative Immunology, Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)381– 390
StatePublished - 2012
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 23


  • Atypical bovine pestivirus, BVDV, Dual infection, Diagnosis, Experimental inoculation, Viraemia, Seroconversion
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