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The morphologies of the perovskite (e.g. CH3NH3PbI3) layer are demonstrated to be critically important for highly efficient perovskite solar cells. This work applies 3-aminopropanoic acid as a self-assembled monolayer (C3-SAM) on a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) hole transport layer (HTL) to modify the crystallinity and coverage of the CH3NH3PbI3 Cl-x(x) film, resulting in a much smoother perovskite surface morphology together with a PCE increase from 9.7% to 11.6%. Since all fabrication steps of these inverted structure devices are carried out under low temperature conditions (processing temperature <120 degrees C), it is possible to employ this method on flexible polymer substrates using roll-coating for the layer deposition. The roll-coated perovskite film on C3-SAM modified PEDOT:PSS presents a similar trend of improvement and results in enhanced PCE from 3.7% to 5.1%. The successful application of the facile HTL modification indicates a common strategy for SAM material design and selection for efficiency enhancement in perovskite photovoltaic devices.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume3
Issue number48
Pages (from-to)24254-24260
Number of pages7
ISSN2050-7488
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 24
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