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The parameter values of a generic model of gastric evacuation were estimated from evacuation data on Atlantic cod Gadus morhua fed meals of four fish prey: herring Clupea harengus, sprat Sprattus sprattus, lesser sandeel Ammodytes tobianus and dab Limanda limanda. The effects on evacuation of photoperiod and pre-experimental treatment of prey were also tested. Freshly killed A. tobianus were evacuated from the stomach of G. morhua at a rate similar to the value estimated from conspecifics kept deep-frozen and subsequently thawed prior to the evacuation experiment. The evacuation rate in G. morhua exposed to continuous light did not differ from the rate obtained from fish maintained
under a 12L:12D photoperiod. The evacuation rates estimated from the latter fish in the dark and light periods, respectively, were likewise similar. These results indicate that the resistance of prey to the digestive processes is not altered significantly by the pre-experimental treatment of prey and
that there is no diurnal variation per se in the rate of evacuation for G. morhua. Therefore, it is believed that the present parameterization of the evacuation model should prove especially useful for studying the role of G. morhua as a top predator in natural systems
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)595-612
StatePublished - 2012
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 9
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ID: 6326306