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Infectious risk factors for individual postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) development in pigs from affected farms in Spain and Denmark. / Grau-Roma, Llorenç; Stockmarr, Anders; Kristensen, Charlotte S.; Enøe, Claes; López-Soria, Sergio; Nofrarías, Miquel; Bille-Hansen, Vivi; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Sibila, Marina; Jorsal, Sven E.; Fraile, Lorenzo; Baekbo, Poul; Vigre, Håkan; Segalés, Joaquim; Larsen, Lars Erik.

In: Research in Veterinary Science, Vol. 93, No. 3, 2012, p. 1231–1240.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Grau-Roma, Llorenç; Stockmarr, Anders; Kristensen, Charlotte S.; Enøe, Claes; López-Soria, Sergio; Nofrarías, Miquel; Bille-Hansen, Vivi; Hjulsager, Charlotte Kristiane; Sibila, Marina; Jorsal, Sven E.; Fraile, Lorenzo; Baekbo, Poul; Vigre, Håkan; Segalés, Joaquim; Larsen, Lars Erik / Infectious risk factors for individual postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) development in pigs from affected farms in Spain and Denmark.

In: Research in Veterinary Science, Vol. 93, No. 3, 2012, p. 1231–1240.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{3aa91a69a21642858a5f9f1645d0739c,
title = "Infectious risk factors for individual postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) development in pigs from affected farms in Spain and Denmark",
keywords = "Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2), Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS), Infectious risk factors, Survival analysis",
publisher = "W.B./Saunders Co. Ltd.",
author = "Llorenç Grau-Roma and Anders Stockmarr and Kristensen, {Charlotte S.} and Claes Enøe and Sergio López-Soria and Miquel Nofrarías and Vivi Bille-Hansen and Hjulsager, {Charlotte Kristiane} and Marina Sibila and Jorsal, {Sven E.} and Lorenzo Fraile and Poul Baekbo and Håkan Vigre and Joaquim Segalés and Larsen, {Lars Erik}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.rvsc.2012.07.001",
volume = "93",
number = "3",
pages = "1231–1240",
journal = "Research in Veterinary Science",
issn = "0034-5288",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Infectious risk factors for individual postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS) development in pigs from affected farms in Spain and Denmark

A1 - Grau-Roma,Llorenç

A1 - Stockmarr,Anders

A1 - Kristensen,Charlotte S.

A1 - Enøe,Claes

A1 - López-Soria,Sergio

A1 - Nofrarías,Miquel

A1 - Bille-Hansen,Vivi

A1 - Hjulsager,Charlotte Kristiane

A1 - Sibila,Marina

A1 - Jorsal,Sven E.

A1 - Fraile,Lorenzo

A1 - Baekbo,Poul

A1 - Vigre,Håkan

A1 - Segalés,Joaquim

A1 - Larsen,Lars Erik

AU - Grau-Roma,Llorenç

AU - Stockmarr,Anders

AU - Kristensen,Charlotte S.

AU - Enøe,Claes

AU - López-Soria,Sergio

AU - Nofrarías,Miquel

AU - Bille-Hansen,Vivi

AU - Hjulsager,Charlotte Kristiane

AU - Sibila,Marina

AU - Jorsal,Sven E.

AU - Fraile,Lorenzo

AU - Baekbo,Poul

AU - Vigre,Håkan

AU - Segalés,Joaquim

AU - Larsen,Lars Erik

PB - W.B./Saunders Co. Ltd.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Two prospective longitudinal studies in 13 postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)-affected farms from Spain (n = 3) and Denmark (n = 10) were performed. Blood samples from pigs were longitudinally collected from 1st week until the occurrence of the PMWS outbreak. Wasted and healthy age-matched pigs were euthanized, necropsied and histopathologically characterised. PMWS diagnosis was confirmed by means of lymphoid lesions and detection of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in these tissues by in situ hybridization or immunohistochemistry. Serological analyses were performed in longitudinally collected serum samples to detect antibodies against, PCV2, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine parvovirus (PPV), swine influenza virus (SIV) and Lawsonia intracellularis (law), Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) and Salmonella spp. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to investigate the simultaneous effects of seroconversion and maternal immunity against the studied pathogens. Results showed that high levels of maternal immunity against PCV2 had a protecting effect in farms from both countries. Moreover, for the Danish dataset, seroconversion against law had an overall protecting effect, but for animals with very low levels of maternal antibody levels against this pathogen, the effect appeared neutral or aggravating. Otherwise, for the Spanish dataset, maternal immunity against PPV and PRRSV gave protective and aggravating effects, respectively. In conclusion, the present study reflects the complex interaction among different pathogens and their effects in order to trigger PMWS in PCV2 infected pigs.

AB - Two prospective longitudinal studies in 13 postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)-affected farms from Spain (n = 3) and Denmark (n = 10) were performed. Blood samples from pigs were longitudinally collected from 1st week until the occurrence of the PMWS outbreak. Wasted and healthy age-matched pigs were euthanized, necropsied and histopathologically characterised. PMWS diagnosis was confirmed by means of lymphoid lesions and detection of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) in these tissues by in situ hybridization or immunohistochemistry. Serological analyses were performed in longitudinally collected serum samples to detect antibodies against, PCV2, porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV), porcine parvovirus (PPV), swine influenza virus (SIV) and Lawsonia intracellularis (law), Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae, Aujeszky’s disease virus (ADV) and Salmonella spp. A Cox proportional hazards model was used to investigate the simultaneous effects of seroconversion and maternal immunity against the studied pathogens. Results showed that high levels of maternal immunity against PCV2 had a protecting effect in farms from both countries. Moreover, for the Danish dataset, seroconversion against law had an overall protecting effect, but for animals with very low levels of maternal antibody levels against this pathogen, the effect appeared neutral or aggravating. Otherwise, for the Spanish dataset, maternal immunity against PPV and PRRSV gave protective and aggravating effects, respectively. In conclusion, the present study reflects the complex interaction among different pathogens and their effects in order to trigger PMWS in PCV2 infected pigs.

KW - Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2)

KW - Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome (PMWS)

KW - Infectious risk factors

KW - Survival analysis

U2 - 10.1016/j.rvsc.2012.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.rvsc.2012.07.001

JO - Research in Veterinary Science

JF - Research in Veterinary Science

SN - 0034-5288

IS - 3

VL - 93

SP - 1231

EP - 1240

ER -