Increasing net CO2 uptake by a Danish beech forest during the period from 1996 to 2009

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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@article{19f18d4ed27c489e9f15cdf6307b7fcb,
title = "Increasing net CO2 uptake by a Danish beech forest during the period from 1996 to 2009",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Kim Pilegaard and Andreas Ibrom and Michael Courtney and Poul Hummelshøj and Jensen, {Niels Otto}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.02.013",
volume = "151",
number = "7",
pages = "934--946",
journal = "Agricultural and Forest Meteorology",
issn = "0168-1923",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increasing net CO2 uptake by a Danish beech forest during the period from 1996 to 2009

A1 - Pilegaard,Kim

A1 - Ibrom,Andreas

A1 - Courtney,Michael

A1 - Hummelshøj,Poul

A1 - Jensen,Niels Otto

AU - Pilegaard,Kim

AU - Ibrom,Andreas

AU - Courtney,Michael

AU - Hummelshøj,Poul

AU - Jensen,Niels Otto

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The exchange of CO2 between the atmosphere and a beech forest near Sorø, Denmark, was measured continuously over 14 years (1996–2009). The simultaneous measurement of many parameters that influence CO2 uptake makes it possible to relate the CO2 exchange to recent changes in e.g. temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentration. The net CO2 exchange (NEE) was measured by the eddy covariance method. Ecosystem respiration (RE) was estimated from nighttime values and gross ecosystem exchange (GEE) was calculated as the sum of RE and NEE. Over the years the beech forest acted as a sink of on average of 157 g C m−2 yr−1. In one of the years only, the forest acted as a small source. During 1996–2009 a significant increase in annual NEE was observed. A significant increase in GEE and a smaller and not significant increase in RE was also found. Thus the increased NEE was mainly attributed to an increase in GEE. The overall trend in NEE was significant with an average increase in uptake of 23 g C m−2 yr−2. The carbon uptake period (i.e. the period with daily net CO2 gain) increased by 1.9 days per year, whereas there was a non significant tendency of increase of the leafed period. This means that the leaves stayed active longer. The analysis of CO2 uptake by the forest by use of light response curves, revealed that the maximum rate of photosynthetic assimilation increased by 15% during the 14-year period. We conclude that the increase in the overall CO2 uptake of the forest is due to a combination of increased growing season length and increased uptake capacity. We also conclude that long time series of flux measurements are necessary to reveal trends in the data because of the substantial inter-annual variation in the flux.

AB - The exchange of CO2 between the atmosphere and a beech forest near Sorø, Denmark, was measured continuously over 14 years (1996–2009). The simultaneous measurement of many parameters that influence CO2 uptake makes it possible to relate the CO2 exchange to recent changes in e.g. temperature and atmospheric CO2 concentration. The net CO2 exchange (NEE) was measured by the eddy covariance method. Ecosystem respiration (RE) was estimated from nighttime values and gross ecosystem exchange (GEE) was calculated as the sum of RE and NEE. Over the years the beech forest acted as a sink of on average of 157 g C m−2 yr−1. In one of the years only, the forest acted as a small source. During 1996–2009 a significant increase in annual NEE was observed. A significant increase in GEE and a smaller and not significant increase in RE was also found. Thus the increased NEE was mainly attributed to an increase in GEE. The overall trend in NEE was significant with an average increase in uptake of 23 g C m−2 yr−2. The carbon uptake period (i.e. the period with daily net CO2 gain) increased by 1.9 days per year, whereas there was a non significant tendency of increase of the leafed period. This means that the leaves stayed active longer. The analysis of CO2 uptake by the forest by use of light response curves, revealed that the maximum rate of photosynthetic assimilation increased by 15% during the 14-year period. We conclude that the increase in the overall CO2 uptake of the forest is due to a combination of increased growing season length and increased uptake capacity. We also conclude that long time series of flux measurements are necessary to reveal trends in the data because of the substantial inter-annual variation in the flux.

KW - Environment and climate

KW - Miljø og klima

U2 - 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.02.013

DO - 10.1016/j.agrformet.2011.02.013

JO - Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

JF - Agricultural and Forest Meteorology

SN - 0168-1923

IS - 7

VL - 151

SP - 934

EP - 946

ER -