Impurity transport studies at Wendelstein 7-X by means of x-ray imaging spectrometer measurements

Research output: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2019

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  • Author: Langenberg, A.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Warmer, F.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Fuchert, G.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Marchuk, O.

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany

  • Author: Dinklage, A.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Wegner, Th

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Alonso, J. A.

    Laboratorio Nacional de Fusíon, Spain

  • Author: Bozhenkov, S.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Brunner, K. J.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Burhenn, R.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Buttenschoen, B.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Drews, P.

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany

  • Author: Geiger, B.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Grulke, Olaf

    Department of Physics, Technical University of Denmark, Fysikvej, DK-2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Hirsch, M,

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Höfel, U.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Hollfeld, K. P.

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany

  • Author: Killer, C.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Knauer, J.P.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Krings, T.

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany

  • Author: Kunkel, F.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Neuner, U.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Offermanns, G.

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany

  • Author: Pablant, N. A.

    Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, United States

  • Author: Pasch, E.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Rahbarnia, K.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Satheeswaran, G.

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany

  • Author: Schilling, Joerg

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Schweer, B.

    Forschungszentrum Jülich GmbH, Germany

  • Author: Thomsen, H.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

  • Author: Traverso, P.

    Auburn University, United States

  • Author: Wolf, R.C.

    Max-Planck-Institut fur Plasmaphysik, Germany

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This paper reports on the effect of on- and off-axis heating power deposition on the impurity confinement in purely electron cyclotron resonance heated He plasmas on the stellarator Wendelstein 7-X. Therefore, impurity transport times τ I have been determined after Fe impurity injections by laser ablations and monitoring the temporal impurity emissivities by the x-ray imaging spectrometer HR-XIS. A significant increase of τ I has been observed when changing the power deposition from on- to off-axis heating with energy confinement times τ E being mainly unaffected. In addition, the scaling of impurity transport properties with respect to a variation of heating power P ECRH and electron density n e has been investigated by keeping the heating power deposition on-axis. The observed τ I scaling compares well to known τ I scaling laws observed in other machines. A comparison of τ I and τ E yields an averaged ratio of τ E /τ I  = 1.3 and transport times in the range of τ I  = 40–130 ms and τ E  = 40–190 ms. Comparing those absolute values to neoclassical predictions supports the recently observed nature of anomalous transport in Wendelstein 7-X, given within the up to now investigated operational parameters.
Original languageEnglish
Article number014030
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Volume61
Issue number1
Number of pages8
ISSN0741-3335
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Bibliographical note

Original content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 0

    Research areas

  • Impurity transport, Impurity confinement, Energy confinement, Imaging spectrometer, Laser blow-off, Plasma physics
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