Improving anaerobic sewage sludge digestion by implementation of a hyper-thermophilic prehydrolysis step

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2008

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The present study focuses on a two-step process for treatment and stabilisation of primary sludge. The process consists of a hyperthermophilic hydrolysis step operated at 70 degrees C and a hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 2 clays followed by a thermophilic (55 degrees C) anaerobic digestion step at a HRT of 13 days. A one-step anaerobic digester operated at 55 degrees C and 15 days HRT Was used as a reference process. The two-step process was characterized by a 12% higher organic suspended solids removal efficiency and better pathogen reduction effect than the conventional one-step digestion. The microbial community of the digester fed with pre-treated sludge was characterised by it higher activity compared to that of the digester treating raw sludge. Moreover, the pre-treatment of the primary sludge resulted up to 48% increase of the methane potential (20.09 and 13.56 mmol CH4 g(-)VS(-1) with and Without pre-treatment respectively) and up to 115% increase of the methane production rate. Finally it was shown that the extra energy requirements for the operation of a pre-treatment step would be covered by the energy Produced from the extra methane production and in addition there would be it significant energy Surplus of 2.17 kJ d(-1) For the system tested.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Environmental Management
Publication date2008
Volume88
Issue4
Pages881-889
ISSN0301-4797
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 46

Keywords

  • thermal, two-step process, sludge, primary, anaerobic digestion, thermophilic, microbial activity, pre-treatment
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