Implementation of an Electric Vehicle Test Bed Controlled by a Virtual Power Plant for Contributing to Regulating Power Reserves

Publication: Research - peer-reviewArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2012



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With the increased focus on Electric Vehicles (EV) research and the potential benefits they bring for smart grid
applications, there is a growing need for an evaluation platform connected to the electricity grid. This paper addresses the design
of an EV test bed, which using real EV components and communication interfaces, is able to respond in real-time to
smart grid control signals. The EV test bed is equipped with a Lithium-ion battery pack, a Battery Management System (BMS),
a charger and a Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) unit for feeding power back to the grid. The designed solution serves as a
multifunctional grid-interactive EV, which a Virtual Power Plant (VPP) or a generic EV coordinator could use for testing different
control strategies, such as EV contribution to regulating power reserves. The EV coordination is realized using the IEC 61850
modeling standard in the communication. Regulating power requests from the Danish TSO are used as a proof-of-concept, to
demonstrate the EV test bed power response. Test results have proven the capability to respond to frequent power control
requests and they reveal the potential EV ability for contributing to regulating power reserves.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2012 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting
Number of pages7
Publication date2012
ISBN (print)9781467327275
StatePublished - 2012
Event2012 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting - San Diego, CA, United States


Conference2012 IEEE Power & Energy Society General Meeting
LocationManchester Grand Hyatt
CountryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA
Internet address
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI


  • Electric vehicles, Test Bed, Regulating power, Virtual Power Plant
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