Integrated tick and tick-borne disease control trials in crossbred dairy cattle in Malawi

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 1996

DOI

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Crossbred dairy heifers on a farm in an East Coast fever (ECF) endemic area in Malawi were immunised against Theileria parva, Anaplasma spp., Babesia bigemina, Babesia bovis and Cowdria ruminantium. They were treated at infrequent intervals with chlorfenvinphos to limit infestation with adult ticks, without providing complete tick control. In one trial, which tested a threshold dipping regimen, 20 heifers were dipped only once in 6 months to control a flush of Boophilus microplus. Unimmunised controls showed serological evidence of exposure to T. parva and B. bigemina, and one died of ECF, but there were no incidents of tick-borne disease in the immunised group. In a second trial, which tested a strategic dipping regimen, 107 animals were dipped 9 times over a 6 month period. Despite heavy challenge by B. bovis and moderate challenge by B. bigemina and Anaplasma spp, demonstrated serologically, there was only a single clinical case of babesiosis. The observations provide encouragement for the introduction of integrated tick and tick-borne disease control programmes in improved cattle in ECF endemic areas.
Original languageEnglish
JournalTropical Animal Health and Production
Volume28
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)280-288
Number of pages9
ISSN0049-4747
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Keywords

  • Medicine & Public Health, Veterinary Medicine, Zoology, Administration, Topical, Anaplasmosis, Animals, Babesia bovis, Babesiosis, Cattle, Cattle Diseases, Chlorfenvinphos, Crosses, Genetic, Ehrlichia ruminantium, Female, Heartwater Disease, Immunization, Insecticides, Malawi, Male, Theileria parva, Theileriasis, Tick Control, Tick Infestations, Tick-Borne Diseases, Ethiopian region Ethiopian region, Malawi Africa Ethiopian region, ANIMAL HUSBANDRY, BIOBUSINESS, dairy industry, EAST COAST FEVER, HERD HEALTH PROGRAM, INFECTIOUS DISEASE, P, PARASITE, PARASITOLOGY, PATHOGEN, TICK-BORNE DISEASE CONTROL, VETERINARY MEDICINE, Animalia (Animals, Invertebrates) - Invertebrata [34000] invertebrate, Chelicerata Arthropoda Invertebrata Animalia (Animals, Arthropods, Chelicerates, Invertebrates) - Acarina [75403] tick, Microorganisms (Bacteria, Eubacteria, Microorganisms) - Bacteria [05000] bacteria, Microorganisms (Microorganisms) - Microorganisms [01000] microorganism, Protozoa Invertebrata Animalia (Animals, Invertebrates, Microorganisms, Protozoans) - Sporozoa [35400] Babesia bigemina Babesia bovis Theileria parva, Rickettsiales Rickettsias and Chlamydias Eubacteria Bacteria Microorganisms (Bacteria, Eubacteria, Microorganisms) - Anaplasmataceae [07111] Anaplasma, Rickettsiales Rickettsias and Chlamydias Eubacteria Bacteria Microorganisms (Bacteria, Eubacteria, Microorganisms) - Rickettsiaceae [07113] Cowdria ruminantium, 26502, Animal production - General and methods, 36002, Medical and clinical microbiology - Bacteriology, 38004, Veterinary science - Pathology, 38006, Veterinary science - Microbiology, 60506, Parasitology - Veterinary, 64002, Invertebrata: comparative, experimental morphology, physiology and pathology - Protozoa, Agriculture, Medical Sciences, Animal Husbandry, Infection, Parasitology, Physiology
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