High-Efficiency Isolated Boost DCDC Converter for High-Power Low-Voltage Fuel-Cell Applications

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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High-Efficiency Isolated Boost DCDC Converter for High-Power Low-Voltage Fuel-Cell Applications. / Nymand, Morten; Andersen, Michael A. E.

In: I E E E Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 2, 2010, p. 505-514.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Author

Nymand, Morten; Andersen, Michael A. E. / High-Efficiency Isolated Boost DCDC Converter for High-Power Low-Voltage Fuel-Cell Applications.

In: I E E E Transactions on Industrial Electronics, Vol. 57, No. 2, 2010, p. 505-514.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

Bibtex

@article{cdd01690898543f2abf093ce18559d69,
title = "High-Efficiency Isolated Boost DCDC Converter for High-Power Low-Voltage Fuel-Cell Applications",
keywords = "switched-mode power supply, DC-DC converter, high efficiency, transformer, fuel-cell system",
publisher = "I E E E",
author = "Morten Nymand and Andersen, {Michael A. E.}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1109/TIE.2009.2036024",
volume = "57",
number = "2",
pages = "505--514",
journal = "I E E E Transactions on Industrial Electronics",
issn = "0278-0046",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - High-Efficiency Isolated Boost DCDC Converter for High-Power Low-Voltage Fuel-Cell Applications

A1 - Nymand,Morten

A1 - Andersen,Michael A. E.

AU - Nymand,Morten

AU - Andersen,Michael A. E.

PB - I E E E

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - A new design approach achieving very high conversion efficiency in low-voltage high-power isolated boost dc-dc converters is presented. The transformer eddy-current and proximity effects are analyzed, demonstrating that an extensive interleaving of primary and secondary windings is needed to avoid high winding losses. The analysis of transformer leakage inductance reveals that extremely low leakage inductance can be achieved, allowing stored energy to be dissipated. Power MOSFETs fully rated for repetitive avalanches allow primary-side voltage clamp circuits to be eliminated. The oversizing of the primary-switch voltage rating can thus be avoided, significantly reducing switch-conduction losses. Finally, silicon carbide rectifying diodes allow fast diode turn-off, further reducing losses. Detailed test results from a 1.5-kW full-bridge boost dc-dc converter verify the theoretical analysis and demonstrate very high conversion efficiency. The efficiency at minimum input voltage and maximum power is 96.8%. The maximum efficiency of the proposed converter is 98%.

AB - A new design approach achieving very high conversion efficiency in low-voltage high-power isolated boost dc-dc converters is presented. The transformer eddy-current and proximity effects are analyzed, demonstrating that an extensive interleaving of primary and secondary windings is needed to avoid high winding losses. The analysis of transformer leakage inductance reveals that extremely low leakage inductance can be achieved, allowing stored energy to be dissipated. Power MOSFETs fully rated for repetitive avalanches allow primary-side voltage clamp circuits to be eliminated. The oversizing of the primary-switch voltage rating can thus be avoided, significantly reducing switch-conduction losses. Finally, silicon carbide rectifying diodes allow fast diode turn-off, further reducing losses. Detailed test results from a 1.5-kW full-bridge boost dc-dc converter verify the theoretical analysis and demonstrate very high conversion efficiency. The efficiency at minimum input voltage and maximum power is 96.8%. The maximum efficiency of the proposed converter is 98%.

KW - switched-mode power supply

KW - DC-DC converter

KW - high efficiency

KW - transformer

KW - fuel-cell system

U2 - 10.1109/TIE.2009.2036024

DO - 10.1109/TIE.2009.2036024

JO - I E E E Transactions on Industrial Electronics

JF - I E E E Transactions on Industrial Electronics

SN - 0278-0046

IS - 2

VL - 57

SP - 505

EP - 514

ER -