Group-index limitations in slow-light photonic crystals

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Group-index limitations in slow-light photonic crystals. / Grgic, Jure; Pedersen, Jesper Goor; Xiao, Sanshui; Mortensen, Asger.

In: Photonics and Nanostructures, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2010, p. 56-61.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Author

Grgic, Jure; Pedersen, Jesper Goor; Xiao, Sanshui; Mortensen, Asger / Group-index limitations in slow-light photonic crystals.

In: Photonics and Nanostructures, Vol. 8, No. 2, 2010, p. 56-61.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

Bibtex

@article{2f4b7a2e98cb4e8786e5465077ff7e1e,
title = "Group-index limitations in slow-light photonic crystals",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Jure Grgic and Pedersen, {Jesper Goor} and Sanshui Xiao and Asger Mortensen",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1016/j.photonics.2009.07.002",
volume = "8",
number = "2",
pages = "56--61",
journal = "Photonics and Nanostructures",
issn = "1569-4410",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Group-index limitations in slow-light photonic crystals

A1 - Grgic,Jure

A1 - Pedersen,Jesper Goor

A1 - Xiao,Sanshui

A1 - Mortensen,Asger

AU - Grgic,Jure

AU - Pedersen,Jesper Goor

AU - Xiao,Sanshui

AU - Mortensen,Asger

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - In photonic crystals the speed of light can be significantly reduced due to band-structure effects associated with the spatially periodic dielectric function, rather than originating from strong material dispersion. In the ideal and loss-less structures it is possible even to completely stop the light near frequency band edges associated with symmetry points in the Brillouin zone. Unfortunately, despite the impressive progress in fabrication of photonic crystals, real structures differ from the ideal structures in several ways including structural disorder, material absorption, out of plane radiation, and in-plane leakage. Often, the different mechanisms are playing in concert, leading to attenuation and scattering of electromagnetic modes. The very same broadening mechanisms also limit the attainable slow-down which we mimic by including a small imaginary part to the otherwise real-valued dielectric function. Perturbation theory predicts that the group index scales as 1/ϵ″ which we find to be in complete agreement with the full solutions for various examples. As a consequence, the group index remains finite in real photonic crystals, with its value depending on the damping parameter and the group-velocity dispersion. We also extend the theory to waveguide modes, i.e. beyond the assumption of symmetry points. Consequences are explored by applying the theory to W1 waveguide structures.

AB - In photonic crystals the speed of light can be significantly reduced due to band-structure effects associated with the spatially periodic dielectric function, rather than originating from strong material dispersion. In the ideal and loss-less structures it is possible even to completely stop the light near frequency band edges associated with symmetry points in the Brillouin zone. Unfortunately, despite the impressive progress in fabrication of photonic crystals, real structures differ from the ideal structures in several ways including structural disorder, material absorption, out of plane radiation, and in-plane leakage. Often, the different mechanisms are playing in concert, leading to attenuation and scattering of electromagnetic modes. The very same broadening mechanisms also limit the attainable slow-down which we mimic by including a small imaginary part to the otherwise real-valued dielectric function. Perturbation theory predicts that the group index scales as 1/ϵ″ which we find to be in complete agreement with the full solutions for various examples. As a consequence, the group index remains finite in real photonic crystals, with its value depending on the damping parameter and the group-velocity dispersion. We also extend the theory to waveguide modes, i.e. beyond the assumption of symmetry points. Consequences are explored by applying the theory to W1 waveguide structures.

KW - perturbation theory

KW - slow light

KW - photonic crystal

U2 - 10.1016/j.photonics.2009.07.002

DO - 10.1016/j.photonics.2009.07.002

JO - Photonics and Nanostructures

JF - Photonics and Nanostructures

SN - 1569-4410

IS - 2

VL - 8

SP - 56

EP - 61

ER -