From LCA to PSS – Making leaps towards sustainability by applying product/service-system thinking in product development

Publication: Research - peer-reviewArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2006


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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is the standardised and globally recognised tool for quantifying environmental impact of goods and services. A key aspect in LCA is the consideration of whole life cycle systems. The application of LCA in product development inherently comprises the quest for optimisations on all system levels. However, as the act of ecodesign conventionally focuses on physical products, the search for potential optimisations is usually directed ‘downwards’, i.e. towards lower system levels, resulting in optimised components within products rather than optimised products within their surrounding systems. This paper will exemplify that when broadening the ecodesign horizon to environmental product/service-system (PSS) design, there is a better possibility of applying a system-oriented life cycle thinking approach, and therefore a potential to yield extreme improvements towards sustainability.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of LCE 2006 : 13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering
Number of pages728
Place of PublicationLeuven, Belgium
PublisherKatholieke Universiteit Leuven
Publication date2006
ISBN (print)90-5682-712-X
StatePublished - 2006
Event13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering : LCE2006 - Towards a Closed Loop Economy - Leuven, Belgium


Conference13th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering : LCE2006 - Towards a Closed Loop Economy
CityLeuven, Belgium
Period01/01/2006 → …
SeriesCIRP Life Cycle Engineering conference series


  • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Product/Service-System (PSS), system-oriented thinking, ecodesign, product development, Ecodesign, PSS, Product life, PD methods, Design, Design for sustainability, Design methodology, Design teaching, Innovation, Innovation strategy, Product life cycle, Product/service-system, product/service-system design, service-oriented design
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