Farside explorer: unique science from a mission to the farside of the moon

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

  • Author: Mimoun, David

    Univ Toulouse, ISAE, France

  • Author: Wieczorek, Mark A.

    Univ Paris Diderot, Inst Phys Globe Paris, France

  • Author: Alkalai, Leon

    CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab., United States

  • Author: Banerdt, W. Bruce

    CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab., United States

  • Author: Baratoux, David

    CNRS, IRAP, France

  • Author: Bougeret, Jean-Louis

    Observ Paris, CNRS, France

  • Author: Bouley, Sylvain

    Observ Paris, Inst Mecan Celeste & Calcul Ephemerides, France

  • Author: Cecconi, Baptiste

    Observ Paris, CNRS, France

  • Author: Falcke, Heino

    MPIfR, Germany

  • Author: Flohrer, Joachim

    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Germany

  • Author: Garcia, Raphael F.

    CNRS, IRAP, France

  • Author: Grimm, Robert

    SW Res Inst, Boulder, United States

  • Author: Grott, Matthias

    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Germany

  • Author: Gurvits, Leonid

    Delft University of Technology, Netherlands

  • Author: Jaumann, Ralf

    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Germany

  • Author: Johnson, Catherine L.

    Planetary Sci Inst, Tucson, United States

  • Author: Knapmeyer, Martin

    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Germany

  • Author: Kobayashi, Naoki

    ISAS JAXA, Japan

  • Author: Konovalenko, Alexander

    Inst Radio Astron, Ukraine

  • Author: Lawrence, David

    Johns Hopkins Univ, Appl Phys Lab., United States

  • Author: Le Feuvre, Mathieu

    University of Nantes, France

  • Author: Lognonne, Philippe

    Univ Paris Diderot, Inst Phys Globe Paris, France

  • Author: Neal, Clive

    Univ Notre Dame, Notre Dame, United States

  • Author: Oberst, Juergen

    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Germany

  • Author: Olsen, Nils

    Solar System Physics, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Rottgering, Huub

    Leiden University, Netherlands

  • Author: Spohn, Tilman

    German Aerosp Ctr DLR, Germany

  • Author: Vennerstrøm, Susanne

    Solar System Physics, National Space Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Elektrovej, 2800, Kgs. Lyngby, Denmark

  • Author: Woan, Graham

    Univ Glasgow, Sch Phys & Astron, Scotland

  • Author: Zarka, Philippe

    Univ Paris Diderot, UPMC, CNRS, LESIA,Observ Paris, France

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Farside Explorer is a proposed Cosmic Vision medium-size mission to the farside of the Moon consisting of two landers and an instrumented relay satellite. The farside of the Moon is a unique scientific platform in that it is shielded from terrestrial radio-frequency interference, it recorded the primary differentiation and evolution of the Moon, it can be continuously monitored from the Earth-Moon L2 Lagrange point, and there is a complete lack of reflected solar illumination from the Earth. Farside Explorer will exploit these properties and make the first radio-astronomy measurements from the most radio-quiet region of near-Earth space, determine the internal structure and thermal evolution of the Moon, from crust to core, and quantify impact hazards in near-Earth space by the measurement of flashes generated by impact events. The Farside Explorer flight system includes two identical solar-powered landers and a science/telecommunications relay satellite to be placed in a halo orbit about the Earth-Moon L2 Lagrange point. One lander would explore the largest and oldest recognized impact basin in the Solar System- the South Pole-Aitken basin-and the other would investigate the primordial highlands crust. Radio astronomy, geophysical, and geochemical instruments would be deployed on the surface, and the relay satellite would continuously monitor the surface for impact events.
Original languageEnglish
JournalExperimental Astronomy
Publication date2012
Volume33
Issue2-3
Pages529-585
ISSN0922-6435
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 7

Keywords

  • Near-earth objects, Lunar-surface, Hypervelocity impact, Luminous efficience, Radio telescopes, Broad-band, Planets, Seismometer, Evolution, Emissions, Astronomy
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