Extreme temperature and oil contamination shape the relative abundance of copepod species in the Arctic

Research output: ResearchConference abstract for conference – Annual report year: 2016

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The retreat of sea ice in the Arctic under global warming is predicted to intensify oil exploitation and shipping activities in this region, posing the risk of oil contamination. Knowledge on how Arctic secondary producers deal with the combined effects of global warming, particularly the extreme temperature and oil exposure is limited. To address this, we exposed females of two copepods species Calanus glacialis and C. finmarchicus to pyrene at three temperatures: 2, 6 and 10°C. Both species co-exist in the Disko Bay, Greenland, but only C. glacialis is a true Arctic specialist while C. finmarchicus is of north Atlantic origin. Pyrene is one of the most toxic components of crude oil to marine copepods. The temperatures of 2, 6 and 10°C represent the mean sea water temperature, the 4°C increase in mean temperature by 2100 as predicted by IPCC scenario RCP8.5 (2013) and the extreme sea water temperature, respectively, in Disko Bay. Four-degree temperature increase did not have an effect on grazing rate and survival of both species. However, the extreme temperature (10°C) increased the grazing rate and mortality of C. glacialis, but not in C. finmarchicus. Exposure to high pyrene strongly reduced survival and grazing rate in both species and this pattern was independent of temperatures. Notably, exposure to high pyrene resulted in than 70% of mortality in C. finmarchicus that was two times higher than the mortality observed for C. glacialis. These results suggest that extreme temperature under global warming and oil pollution may drastically change the relative abundance of pelagic copepod community by changing the species-specific vulnerability to extreme temperature and oil exposure
Original languageEnglish
Publication date2016
StatePublished - 2016
Event7th SETAC World Congress  - Orlando, United States
Duration: 6 Nov 201610 Nov 2016
Conference number: 37

Conference

Conference7th SETAC World Congress 
Number37
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period06/11/201610/11/2016
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