Expression of Innate Immune Response Genes in Liver and Three Types of Adipose Tissue in Cloned Pigs

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Standard

Expression of Innate Immune Response Genes in Liver and Three Types of Adipose Tissue in Cloned Pigs. / Højbøge, Tina Rødgaard; Skovgaard, Kerstin; Stagsted, Jan; Heegaard, Peter M. H.

In: Cellular Reprogramming, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2012, p. 407-417.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Højbøge, Tina Rødgaard; Skovgaard, Kerstin; Stagsted, Jan; Heegaard, Peter M. H. / Expression of Innate Immune Response Genes in Liver and Three Types of Adipose Tissue in Cloned Pigs.

In: Cellular Reprogramming, Vol. 14, No. 5, 2012, p. 407-417.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{28dd86dfa95b4286bbcd97425d8f1efb,
title = "Expression of Innate Immune Response Genes in Liver and Three Types of Adipose Tissue in Cloned Pigs",
publisher = "Mary Ann/Liebert, Inc. Publishers",
author = "Højbøge, {Tina Rødgaard} and Kerstin Skovgaard and Jan Stagsted and Heegaard, {Peter M. H.}",
note = "This is a copy of an article published in the Cellular Reprogramming © 2012 [copyright Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.]; Cellular Reprogramming is available online at: http://online.liebertpub.com.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1089/cell.2012.0026",
volume = "14",
number = "5",
pages = "407--417",
journal = "Cellular Reprogramming",
issn = "2152-4971",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expression of Innate Immune Response Genes in Liver and Three Types of Adipose Tissue in Cloned Pigs

A1 - Højbøge,Tina Rødgaard

A1 - Skovgaard,Kerstin

A1 - Stagsted,Jan

A1 - Heegaard,Peter M. H.

AU - Højbøge,Tina Rødgaard

AU - Skovgaard,Kerstin

AU - Stagsted,Jan

AU - Heegaard,Peter M. H.

PB - Mary Ann/Liebert, Inc. Publishers

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - The pig has been proposed as a relevant model for human obesity-induced inflammation, and cloning may improve the applicability of this model. We tested the assumptions that cloning would reduce interindividual variation in gene expression of innate immune factors and that their expression would remain unaffected by the cloning process. We investigated the expression of 40 innate immune factors by high-throughput quantitative real-time PCR in samples from liver, abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and neck SAT in cloned pigs compared to normal outbred pigs.The variation in gene expression was found to be similar for the two groups, and the expression of a small number of genes was significantly affected by cloning. In the VAT and abdominal SAT, six out of seven significantly differentially expressed genes were downregulated in the clones. In contrast, most differently expressed genes in both liver and neck SAT were upregulated (seven out of eight). Remarkably, acute phase proteins (APPs) dominated the upregulated genes in the liver, whereas APP expression was either unchanged or downregulated in abdominal SAT and VAT. The general conclusion from this work is that cloning leads to subtle changes in specific subsets of innate immune genes. Such changes, even if minor, may have phenotypic effects over time, e.g., in models of long-term inflammation related to obesity.

AB - The pig has been proposed as a relevant model for human obesity-induced inflammation, and cloning may improve the applicability of this model. We tested the assumptions that cloning would reduce interindividual variation in gene expression of innate immune factors and that their expression would remain unaffected by the cloning process. We investigated the expression of 40 innate immune factors by high-throughput quantitative real-time PCR in samples from liver, abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and neck SAT in cloned pigs compared to normal outbred pigs.The variation in gene expression was found to be similar for the two groups, and the expression of a small number of genes was significantly affected by cloning. In the VAT and abdominal SAT, six out of seven significantly differentially expressed genes were downregulated in the clones. In contrast, most differently expressed genes in both liver and neck SAT were upregulated (seven out of eight). Remarkably, acute phase proteins (APPs) dominated the upregulated genes in the liver, whereas APP expression was either unchanged or downregulated in abdominal SAT and VAT. The general conclusion from this work is that cloning leads to subtle changes in specific subsets of innate immune genes. Such changes, even if minor, may have phenotypic effects over time, e.g., in models of long-term inflammation related to obesity.

U2 - 10.1089/cell.2012.0026

DO - 10.1089/cell.2012.0026

JO - Cellular Reprogramming

JF - Cellular Reprogramming

SN - 2152-4971

IS - 5

VL - 14

SP - 407

EP - 417

ER -