Expression of Innate Immune Response Genes in Liver and Three Types of Adipose Tissue in Cloned Pigs

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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The pig has been proposed as a relevant model for human obesity-induced inflammation, and cloning may improve the applicability of this model. We tested the assumptions that cloning would reduce interindividual variation in gene expression of innate immune factors and that their expression would remain unaffected by the cloning process. We investigated the expression of 40 innate immune factors by high-throughput quantitative real-time PCR in samples from liver, abdominal subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), visceral adipose tissue (VAT), and neck SAT in cloned pigs compared to normal outbred pigs.The variation in gene expression was found to be similar for the two groups, and the expression of a small number of genes was significantly affected by cloning. In the VAT and abdominal SAT, six out of seven significantly differentially expressed genes were downregulated in the clones. In contrast, most differently expressed genes in both liver and neck SAT were upregulated (seven out of eight). Remarkably, acute phase proteins (APPs) dominated the upregulated genes in the liver, whereas APP expression was either unchanged or downregulated in abdominal SAT and VAT. The general conclusion from this work is that cloning leads to subtle changes in specific subsets of innate immune genes. Such changes, even if minor, may have phenotypic effects over time, e.g., in models of long-term inflammation related to obesity.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCellular Reprogramming
Publication date2012
Volume14
Issue5
Pages407-417
ISSN2152-4971
DOIs
StatePublished

Bibliographical note

This is a copy of an article published in the Cellular Reprogramming © 2012 [copyright Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.]; Cellular Reprogramming is available online at: http://online.liebertpub.com.

CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 4
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