Evolutionary analysis of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan during 2002–2009

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Evolutionary analysis of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan during 2002–2009. / Jamal, Syed Muhammad; Ferrari, Giancarlo; Ahmed, Safia; Normann, Preben; Curry, Stephen; Belsham, Graham.

In: Journal of General Virology, Vol. 92, No. 12, 2011, p. 2849-2864.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Author

Jamal, Syed Muhammad; Ferrari, Giancarlo; Ahmed, Safia; Normann, Preben; Curry, Stephen; Belsham, Graham / Evolutionary analysis of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan during 2002–2009.

In: Journal of General Virology, Vol. 92, No. 12, 2011, p. 2849-2864.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{8a10aceb5c154a7fb11d94ad4cb8002f,
title = "Evolutionary analysis of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan during 2002–2009",
publisher = "Society for General Microbiology",
author = "Jamal, {Syed Muhammad} and Giancarlo Ferrari and Safia Ahmed and Preben Normann and Stephen Curry and Graham Belsham",
note = "A supplementary figure and a supplementary table are available with the online version of this paper.",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1099/vir.0.035626-0",
volume = "92",
number = "12",
pages = "2849--2864",
journal = "Journal of General Virology",
issn = "0022-1317",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evolutionary analysis of serotype A foot-and-mouth disease viruses circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan during 2002–2009

A1 - Jamal,Syed Muhammad

A1 - Ferrari,Giancarlo

A1 - Ahmed,Safia

A1 - Normann,Preben

A1 - Curry,Stephen

A1 - Belsham,Graham

AU - Jamal,Syed Muhammad

AU - Ferrari,Giancarlo

AU - Ahmed,Safia

AU - Normann,Preben

AU - Curry,Stephen

AU - Belsham,Graham

PB - Society for General Microbiology

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Three different serotypes of the virus, namely O, A and Asia-1, are responsible for the outbreaks of this disease in these countries. In the present study, the nucleotide-coding sequences for the VP1 capsid protein (69 samples) or for all four capsid proteins (P1, seven representative samples) of the serotype A FMD viruses circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan were determined. Phylogenetic analysis of the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) VP1-coding sequences from these countries collected between 2002 and 2009 revealed the presence of at least four lineages within two distinct genotypes, all belonging to the Asia topotype, within serotype A. The predominant lineage observed was A-Iran05 but three other lineages (a new one is named here A-Pak09) were also identified. The A-Iran05 lineage is still evolving as revealed by the presence of seven distinct variants, the dominant being the A-Iran05AFG-07 and A-Iran05BAR-08 sublineages. The rate of evolution of the A-Iran05 lineage was found to be about 1.2x10–2 substitutions per nucleotide per year. This high rate of change is consistent with the rapid appearance of new variants of FMDV serotype A in the region. The A22/Iraq FMDV vaccine is antigenically distinct from the A-Iran05BAR-08 viruses. Mapping of the amino acid changes between the capsid proteins of the A22/Iraq vaccine strain and the A-Iran05BAR-08 viruses onto the A22/Iraq capsid structure identified candidate amino acid substitutions, exposed on the virus surface, which may explain this antigenic difference.

AB - Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is endemic in Pakistan and Afghanistan. Three different serotypes of the virus, namely O, A and Asia-1, are responsible for the outbreaks of this disease in these countries. In the present study, the nucleotide-coding sequences for the VP1 capsid protein (69 samples) or for all four capsid proteins (P1, seven representative samples) of the serotype A FMD viruses circulating in Pakistan and Afghanistan were determined. Phylogenetic analysis of the foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) VP1-coding sequences from these countries collected between 2002 and 2009 revealed the presence of at least four lineages within two distinct genotypes, all belonging to the Asia topotype, within serotype A. The predominant lineage observed was A-Iran05 but three other lineages (a new one is named here A-Pak09) were also identified. The A-Iran05 lineage is still evolving as revealed by the presence of seven distinct variants, the dominant being the A-Iran05AFG-07 and A-Iran05BAR-08 sublineages. The rate of evolution of the A-Iran05 lineage was found to be about 1.2x10–2 substitutions per nucleotide per year. This high rate of change is consistent with the rapid appearance of new variants of FMDV serotype A in the region. The A22/Iraq FMDV vaccine is antigenically distinct from the A-Iran05BAR-08 viruses. Mapping of the amino acid changes between the capsid proteins of the A22/Iraq vaccine strain and the A-Iran05BAR-08 viruses onto the A22/Iraq capsid structure identified candidate amino acid substitutions, exposed on the virus surface, which may explain this antigenic difference.

U2 - 10.1099/vir.0.035626-0

DO - 10.1099/vir.0.035626-0

JO - Journal of General Virology

JF - Journal of General Virology

SN - 0022-1317

IS - 12

VL - 92

SP - 2849

EP - 2864

ER -