Equilibrium moisture content (EMC) in Norway spruce during the first and second desorptions

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Equilibrium moisture content (EMC) in Norway spruce during the first and second desorptions. / Hoffmeyer, Preben; Engelund, Emil Tang; Thygesen, Lisbeth G.

In: Holzforschung, Vol. 65, No. 6, 2011, p. 875-882.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Author

Hoffmeyer, Preben; Engelund, Emil Tang; Thygesen, Lisbeth G. / Equilibrium moisture content (EMC) in Norway spruce during the first and second desorptions.

In: Holzforschung, Vol. 65, No. 6, 2011, p. 875-882.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{7ee8b78006884353bbaa38c80e1bfc1a,
title = "Equilibrium moisture content (EMC) in Norway spruce during the first and second desorptions",
keywords = "Time domain low field NMR spectroscopy, First and second desorption isotherms, Wood-water relations, Green wood, Fiber saturation",
publisher = "Walter/de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG",
author = "Preben Hoffmeyer and Engelund, {Emil Tang} and Thygesen, {Lisbeth G.}",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1515/HF.2011.112",
volume = "65",
number = "6",
pages = "875--882",
journal = "Holzforschung",
issn = "0018-3830",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Equilibrium moisture content (EMC) in Norway spruce during the first and second desorptions

A1 - Hoffmeyer,Preben

A1 - Engelund,Emil Tang

A1 - Thygesen,Lisbeth G.

AU - Hoffmeyer,Preben

AU - Engelund,Emil Tang

AU - Thygesen,Lisbeth G.

PB - Walter/de Gruyter GmbH & Co. KG

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - It is a commonly accepted notion that the equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of wood at a given relative humidity (RH) is highest during initial desorption of green wood due to an irreversible loss of hygroscopicity during the 1st desorption. The basis for this notion is investigated by assessing how drying and saturation procedures influence the differences between the 1st and the 2nd desorption curves for Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) sapwood. The study establishes 1st and 2nd desorption isotherms for a variety of initial conditions and it covers the RH range from 60.1% to 99.9%. The state of the water is not affected by oven-drying and rewetting as demonstrated by time domain low field NMR relaxometry. The results challenge the conclusions of earlier studies and indicate that in these studies the 2nd desorption was initiated at much too low EMC and therefore fails to describe a boundary desorption isotherm. Instead, it becomes an intermediate desorption isotherm starting at the adsorption boundary curve and crossing over to eventually meet the desorption boundary curve. The results also show that vacuum drying at room temperature only gives a modest loss of hygroscopicity compared to the green state. Conversely, oven-drying at 103°C results in a more significant loss of hygroscopicity, except for RH above 96% where an increase in EMC surprisingly is seen.

AB - It is a commonly accepted notion that the equilibrium moisture content (EMC) of wood at a given relative humidity (RH) is highest during initial desorption of green wood due to an irreversible loss of hygroscopicity during the 1st desorption. The basis for this notion is investigated by assessing how drying and saturation procedures influence the differences between the 1st and the 2nd desorption curves for Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) sapwood. The study establishes 1st and 2nd desorption isotherms for a variety of initial conditions and it covers the RH range from 60.1% to 99.9%. The state of the water is not affected by oven-drying and rewetting as demonstrated by time domain low field NMR relaxometry. The results challenge the conclusions of earlier studies and indicate that in these studies the 2nd desorption was initiated at much too low EMC and therefore fails to describe a boundary desorption isotherm. Instead, it becomes an intermediate desorption isotherm starting at the adsorption boundary curve and crossing over to eventually meet the desorption boundary curve. The results also show that vacuum drying at room temperature only gives a modest loss of hygroscopicity compared to the green state. Conversely, oven-drying at 103°C results in a more significant loss of hygroscopicity, except for RH above 96% where an increase in EMC surprisingly is seen.

KW - Time domain low field NMR spectroscopy

KW - First and second desorption isotherms

KW - Wood-water relations

KW - Green wood

KW - Fiber saturation

U2 - 10.1515/HF.2011.112

DO - 10.1515/HF.2011.112

JO - Holzforschung

JF - Holzforschung

SN - 0018-3830

IS - 6

VL - 65

SP - 875

EP - 882

ER -