End of life environmental assessment of micro technologies: the need for the carrot or the stick?

Publication: Research - peer-reviewArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2010

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The paper presents the importance of understanding the environmental implications of the end of life of micro technology. A brief overview of different management approaches of micro waste is shown, such as landfill, incineration, recycling, reuse and prevention is given. However, the management of waste is subject to a number of directives and regulations (in Europe) or a “stick” forcing the industry to minimise the environmental impacts of micro waste. In contrast, there are strong drivers, the “carrot” that can stimulate the industry to design micro technology following EcoDesign principle. On one hand the industry is faced with legal sticks to minimise the impacts of waste, on the other hand the industry is offered a number of carrots that could present strong financial and environmental advantages compared to other products providing the same service.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication4M 2010
Number of pages323
Publisherrps online
Publication date2010
ISBN (print)978-981-08-6555-9
StatePublished - 2010
Event7th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture - Bourg en Bresse and Oyonnax, France


Conference7th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture
CityBourg en Bresse and Oyonnax


  • EcoDesign, LCA, Waste management
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ID: 5226080