Effects of electric vehicles on power systems in Northern Europe

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Effects of electric vehicles on power systems in Northern Europe. / Hedegaard, Karsten; Ravn, Hans; Juul, Nina; Meibom, Peter.

In: Energy, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2012, p. 356-368.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Author

Hedegaard, Karsten; Ravn, Hans; Juul, Nina; Meibom, Peter / Effects of electric vehicles on power systems in Northern Europe.

In: Energy, Vol. 48, No. 1, 2012, p. 356-368.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{37ad0c7a92334b4d8d58c02f4cc2d5dd,
title = "Effects of electric vehicles on power systems in Northern Europe",
keywords = "Electric vehicles, Wind power integration, Investments, Energy systems analysis, Model, Heat measures",
publisher = "Pergamon",
author = "Karsten Hedegaard and Hans Ravn and Nina Juul and Peter Meibom",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.energy.2012.06.012",
volume = "48",
number = "1",
pages = "356--368",
journal = "Energy",
issn = "0360-5442",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of electric vehicles on power systems in Northern Europe

A1 - Hedegaard,Karsten

A1 - Ravn,Hans

A1 - Juul,Nina

A1 - Meibom,Peter

AU - Hedegaard,Karsten

AU - Ravn,Hans

AU - Juul,Nina

AU - Meibom,Peter

PB - Pergamon

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - <p>In this study, it is analysed how a large-scale implementation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicles towards 2030 would influence the power systems of five Northern European<br/> countries, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway, and Sweden. Increasing shares of electric vehicles (EVs) are assumed; comprising 2.5%, 15%, 34%, and 53% of the private passenger vehicle fleet in 2015, 2020, 2025, and 2030, respectively. Results show that when charged/discharged intelligently, EVs can facilitate significantly increased wind power investments already at low vehicle fleet shares. Moreover, due to vehicle-to-grid capability, EVs can reduce the need for new coal/natural gas power capacities. Wind power can be expected to provide a large share of the electricity for EVs in several of the countries. However, if EVs are not followed up by economic support for renewable energy technologies, coal based power will in several cases, particularly in the short term, likely provide a large part of this electricity. The effects of EVs vary significantly from country to country and are sensitive to fuel and CO2 price variations. The EVs bring CO<sub>2</sub> reductions of 1e6% in 2025 and 3e28% in 2030 while total costs are generally increased.<br/> © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p>

AB - <p>In this study, it is analysed how a large-scale implementation of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and battery electric vehicles towards 2030 would influence the power systems of five Northern European<br/> countries, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Norway, and Sweden. Increasing shares of electric vehicles (EVs) are assumed; comprising 2.5%, 15%, 34%, and 53% of the private passenger vehicle fleet in 2015, 2020, 2025, and 2030, respectively. Results show that when charged/discharged intelligently, EVs can facilitate significantly increased wind power investments already at low vehicle fleet shares. Moreover, due to vehicle-to-grid capability, EVs can reduce the need for new coal/natural gas power capacities. Wind power can be expected to provide a large share of the electricity for EVs in several of the countries. However, if EVs are not followed up by economic support for renewable energy technologies, coal based power will in several cases, particularly in the short term, likely provide a large part of this electricity. The effects of EVs vary significantly from country to country and are sensitive to fuel and CO2 price variations. The EVs bring CO<sub>2</sub> reductions of 1e6% in 2025 and 3e28% in 2030 while total costs are generally increased.<br/> © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.</p>

KW - Electric vehicles

KW - Wind power integration

KW - Investments

KW - Energy systems analysis

KW - Model

KW - Heat measures

U2 - 10.1016/j.energy.2012.06.012

DO - 10.1016/j.energy.2012.06.012

JO - Energy

JF - Energy

SN - 0360-5442

IS - 1

VL - 48

SP - 356

EP - 368

ER -