Effects of cosmic ray decreases on cloud microphysics

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Effects of cosmic ray decreases on cloud microphysics. / Svensmark, J.; Enghoff, M. B.; Svensmark, H.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2012, p. 3595.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Svensmark, J.; Enghoff, M. B.; Svensmark, H. / Effects of cosmic ray decreases on cloud microphysics.

In: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, Vol. 12, No. 2, 2012, p. 3595.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{9c2d0f6fd6ee49e4a46424abba6c7005,
title = "Effects of cosmic ray decreases on cloud microphysics",
keywords = "Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy, Earth and Environmental Sciences",
publisher = "Copernicus GmbH",
author = "J. Svensmark and Enghoff, {M. B.} and H. Svensmark",
year = "2012",
volume = "12",
number = "2",
pages = "3595",
journal = "Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions",
issn = "1680-7367",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of cosmic ray decreases on cloud microphysics

A1 - Svensmark,J.

A1 - Enghoff,M. B.

A1 - Svensmark,H.

AU - Svensmark,J.

AU - Enghoff,M. B.

AU - Svensmark,H.

PB - Copernicus GmbH

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Using cloud data from MODIS we investigate the response of cloud microphysics to sudden decreases in galactic cosmic radiation – Forbush decreases – and find responses in effective emissivity, cloud fraction, liquid water content, and optical thickness above the 2–3 sigma level 6–9 days after the minimum in atmospheric ionization and less significant responses for effective radius and cloud condensation nuclei (<2 sigma). The magnitude of the signals agree with derived values, based on simple equations for atmospheric parameters. Furthermore principal components analysis gives a total significance of the signal of 3.1 sigma. We also see a correlation between total solar irradiance and strong Forbush decreases but a clear mechanism connecting this to cloud properties is lacking. There is no signal in the UV radiation. The responses of the parameters correlate linearly with the reduction in the cosmic ray ionization. These results support the suggestion that ions play a significant role in the life-cycle of clouds.

AB - Using cloud data from MODIS we investigate the response of cloud microphysics to sudden decreases in galactic cosmic radiation – Forbush decreases – and find responses in effective emissivity, cloud fraction, liquid water content, and optical thickness above the 2–3 sigma level 6–9 days after the minimum in atmospheric ionization and less significant responses for effective radius and cloud condensation nuclei (<2 sigma). The magnitude of the signals agree with derived values, based on simple equations for atmospheric parameters. Furthermore principal components analysis gives a total significance of the signal of 3.1 sigma. We also see a correlation between total solar irradiance and strong Forbush decreases but a clear mechanism connecting this to cloud properties is lacking. There is no signal in the UV radiation. The responses of the parameters correlate linearly with the reduction in the cosmic ray ionization. These results support the suggestion that ions play a significant role in the life-cycle of clouds.

KW - Chemistry

KW - Physics and Astronomy

KW - Earth and Environmental Sciences

JO - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions

JF - Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions

SN - 1680-7367

IS - 2

VL - 12

SP - 3595

ER -