Effect of Humidity in Air on Performance and Long-Term Durability of SOFCs

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Anode-supported solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) based on Ni–yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) anodes, YSZ electrolytes, and lanthanum strontium manganite (LSM)–YSZ cathodes were studied with respect to durability in humid air (~4%) typically over 1500 h. Operating temperature and current density were varied between 750 and 850°C and 0.25–0.75 A/cm2, respectively. The introduction of humidity affected the cell voltage under polarization of the cell, and this effect was (at least partly) reversible upon switching off the humidity. Generally, the studied cells were operated in humid air under technologically relevant conditions over more than 1500 h. Improvements at the cathode/electrolyte interface made it possible to obtain highly stable cells, which can be operated under high current density and at 750°C in humid air, conditions that cause significant cell voltage degradation in dry air on cells with LSM/YSZ-based cathodes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectrochemical Society. Journal
Publication date2010
Volume157
Issue10
PagesB1343-B1348
ISSN0013-4651
DOIs
StatePublished

Bibliographical note

Copyright The Electrochemical Society, Inc. [2010]. All rights reserved. Except as provided under U.S. copyright law, this work may not be reproduced, resold, distributed, or modified without the express permission of The Electrochemical Society (ECS).

CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 5

Keywords

  • Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Fuel Cells and Hydrogen
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