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Early enrichment effects on brain development in hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): no evidence for a critical period. / Näslund, Joacim; Aarestrup, Kim; Thomassen, Søren T.; Johnsson, Jörgen I. .

In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 69, No. 9, 2012, p. 1481-1490.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

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Näslund, Joacim; Aarestrup, Kim; Thomassen, Søren T.; Johnsson, Jörgen I. / Early enrichment effects on brain development in hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): no evidence for a critical period.

In: Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, Vol. 69, No. 9, 2012, p. 1481-1490.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012

Bibtex

@article{1fbadd9b8e914079a70e670948020742,
title = "Early enrichment effects on brain development in hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): no evidence for a critical period",
publisher = "N R C Research Press",
author = "Joacim Näslund and Kim Aarestrup and Thomassen, {Søren T.} and Johnsson, {Jörgen I.}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1139/F2012-074",
volume = "69",
number = "9",
pages = "1481--1490",
journal = "Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences",
issn = "0706-652X",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early enrichment effects on brain development in hatchery-reared Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): no evidence for a critical period

A1 - Näslund,Joacim

A1 - Aarestrup,Kim

A1 - Thomassen,Søren T.

A1 - Johnsson,Jörgen I.

AU - Näslund,Joacim

AU - Aarestrup,Kim

AU - Thomassen,Søren T.

AU - Johnsson,Jörgen I.

PB - N R C Research Press

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - In hatcheries, fish are normally reared in barren environments, which have been reported to affect their phenotypic development compared with wild conspecifics. In this study, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) alevins were reared in conventional barren hatchery trays or in either of two types of structurally enriched trays. We show that increased structural complexity during early rearing increased brain size in all investigated brain substructures. However, these effects disappeared over time after transfer to barren tanks for external feeding. Parallel to the hatchery study, a group of salmon parr was released into nature and recaptured at smoltification. These stream-reared smolts developed smaller brains than the hatchery reared smolts, irrespective of initial enrichment treatment. These novel findings do not support the hypothesis that <br/>there is a critical early period determining the brain growth trajectory. In contrast, our results indicate that brain growth is plastic in relation to environment. In addition, we show allometric growth in brain substructures over juvenile development, which suggests that comparisons between groups of different body size should be made with caution. These results can aid <br/>the development of ecologically sound rearing methods for conservational fish-stocking programs

AB - In hatcheries, fish are normally reared in barren environments, which have been reported to affect their phenotypic development compared with wild conspecifics. In this study, Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) alevins were reared in conventional barren hatchery trays or in either of two types of structurally enriched trays. We show that increased structural complexity during early rearing increased brain size in all investigated brain substructures. However, these effects disappeared over time after transfer to barren tanks for external feeding. Parallel to the hatchery study, a group of salmon parr was released into nature and recaptured at smoltification. These stream-reared smolts developed smaller brains than the hatchery reared smolts, irrespective of initial enrichment treatment. These novel findings do not support the hypothesis that <br/>there is a critical early period determining the brain growth trajectory. In contrast, our results indicate that brain growth is plastic in relation to environment. In addition, we show allometric growth in brain substructures over juvenile development, which suggests that comparisons between groups of different body size should be made with caution. These results can aid <br/>the development of ecologically sound rearing methods for conservational fish-stocking programs

U2 - 10.1139/F2012-074

DO - 10.1139/F2012-074

JO - Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

JF - Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences

SN - 0706-652X

IS - 9

VL - 69

SP - 1481

EP - 1490

ER -