Dynamics in population heterogeneity during batch and continuous fermentation of Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Publication: Research - peer-review › Conference abstract in journal – Annual report year: 2012
Traditionally, microbial populations in optimization studies of fermentation processes have been considered homogeneous. However, research has shown that a typical microbial population in fermentation is heterogeneous. There are indications that this heterogeneity may be both beneficial (facilitates quick adaptation to new conditions) and harmful (reduces yields and productivities)[1,2]. Typically, gradients of e.g. dissolved oxygen, substrates, and pH are observed in industrial scale fermentation processes. Consequently, microbial cells circulating throughout a bioreactor experience rapid environmental changes, which might pose stress on the cells, affect their metabolism and consequently influence the level of heterogeneity of the population. To gain a deeper understanding of population heterogeneity and the triggering phenomena, a Saccharomyces cerevisiae growth reporter strain based on the expression of green fluorescent protein (GFP) was constructed which enable to perform single cell analysis, and thereby provides a tool to map population heterogeneity. A factorial design experiment followed by multivariate data analysis demonstrated a highly dynamic behavior with regard to subpopulation distribution during different growth stages. To further simulate which effect gradients have on population heterogeneity, glucose and ethanol perturbations during continuous cultivation were performed. Physiological changes were analyzed on single cell level by using flow cytometry followed by cell sorting of different subpopulations. Furthermore the expression of the reporter gene was examined by qPCR. It could be demonstrated that pulses had a clear influence on population distribution. In conclusion, we now have a tool to study the effect environmental gradients have on population heterogeneity.
|State||Published - 2012|
|Conference||15th European Congress on Biotechnology|
|Period||23/09/2012 → 26/09/2012|
|Citations||Web of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI|
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