Dietary patterns, food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Dietary patterns, food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya. / Hansen, Andreas Wolff; Christensen, Dirk; Larsson, Melanie; Eis, Jeannette; Christensen, Tue; Friis, Henrik; Mwaniki, David; Kilonzo, Beatrice; Boit, Michael; Borch-Johnsen, Knut; Tetens, Inge.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 14, No. 9, 2011, p. 1671-1679.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Harvard

Hansen, AW, Christensen, D, Larsson, M, Eis, J, Christensen, T, Friis, H, Mwaniki, D, Kilonzo, B, Boit, M, Borch-Johnsen, K & Tetens, I 2011, 'Dietary patterns, food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya' Public Health Nutrition, vol 14, no. 9, pp. 1671-1679., 10.1017/S1368980010003782

APA

CBE

Hansen AW, Christensen D, Larsson M, Eis J, Christensen T, Friis H, Mwaniki D, Kilonzo B, Boit M, Borch-Johnsen K, Tetens I. 2011. Dietary patterns, food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya. Public Health Nutrition. 14(9):1671-1679. Available from: 10.1017/S1368980010003782

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Hansen, Andreas Wolff; Christensen, Dirk; Larsson, Melanie; Eis, Jeannette; Christensen, Tue; Friis, Henrik; Mwaniki, David; Kilonzo, Beatrice; Boit, Michael; Borch-Johnsen, Knut; Tetens, Inge / Dietary patterns, food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya.

In: Public Health Nutrition, Vol. 14, No. 9, 2011, p. 1671-1679.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{de170d750b634876b5fbb9009c47ee58,
title = "Dietary patterns, food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
author = "Hansen, {Andreas Wolff} and Dirk Christensen and Melanie Larsson and Jeannette Eis and Tue Christensen and Henrik Friis and David Mwaniki and Beatrice Kilonzo and Michael Boit and Knut Borch-Johnsen and Inge Tetens",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1017/S1368980010003782",
volume = "14",
number = "9",
pages = "1671--1679",
journal = "Public Health Nutrition",
issn = "1368-9800",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary patterns, food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya

A1 - Hansen,Andreas Wolff

A1 - Christensen,Dirk

A1 - Larsson,Melanie

A1 - Eis,Jeannette

A1 - Christensen,Tue

A1 - Friis,Henrik

A1 - Mwaniki,David

A1 - Kilonzo,Beatrice

A1 - Boit,Michael

A1 - Borch-Johnsen,Knut

A1 - Tetens,Inge

AU - Hansen,Andreas Wolff

AU - Christensen,Dirk

AU - Larsson,Melanie

AU - Eis,Jeannette

AU - Christensen,Tue

AU - Friis,Henrik

AU - Mwaniki,David

AU - Kilonzo,Beatrice

AU - Boit,Michael

AU - Borch-Johnsen,Knut

AU - Tetens,Inge

PB - Cambridge University Press

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Objective. To compare dietary patterns and food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya. Design. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake was estimated in adult volunteers using two non-consecutive interactive 24 h recalls. Dietary patterns were assessed from the number of meals and snacks per day and from the food items and major food groups registered, and their contribution to energy intake (EI) was calculated. Anthropometric values were measured and sociodemographic data obtained using a questionnaire. Setting. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Bondo, Kitui and Transmara districts of rural Kenya. A high prevalence of food insecurity in Kenya underlines the importance of describing the dietary patterns and intakes in different Kenyan ethnic groups. Subjects. A total of 1163 (61% women) adult Luo, Kamba and Maasai, with a mean age of 38.6 (range: 18–68) years, volunteered to participate. Results. Dietary patterns and food groups contributing to EI differed significantly among the ethnic groups. Mean EI ranged from 5.8 to 8.6 MJ/d among women and from 7.2 to 10.5 MJ/d among men, with carbohydrates contributing between 55.7% and 74.2% and fat contributing between 14.5% and 30.2% of total EI. Mean protein intake ranged from 0.72 to 1.3 g/kg per d, and EI:BMR ratio ranged between 1.1 and 1.6 in both sexes, and was highest among the Luo. Prevalence of underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) was 13.7%, 20.5% and 24.2% in the Luo, Kamba and Maasai, respectively. Conclusions. The degree of food insecurity measured as a degree of undernutrition and as dietary patterns differed considerably among the ethnic groups. The Maasai and Kamba in particular were exposed to food insecurity. Copyright © The Authors 2011.

AB - Objective. To compare dietary patterns and food and macronutrient intakes among adults in three ethnic groups in rural Kenya. Design. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake was estimated in adult volunteers using two non-consecutive interactive 24 h recalls. Dietary patterns were assessed from the number of meals and snacks per day and from the food items and major food groups registered, and their contribution to energy intake (EI) was calculated. Anthropometric values were measured and sociodemographic data obtained using a questionnaire. Setting. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Bondo, Kitui and Transmara districts of rural Kenya. A high prevalence of food insecurity in Kenya underlines the importance of describing the dietary patterns and intakes in different Kenyan ethnic groups. Subjects. A total of 1163 (61% women) adult Luo, Kamba and Maasai, with a mean age of 38.6 (range: 18–68) years, volunteered to participate. Results. Dietary patterns and food groups contributing to EI differed significantly among the ethnic groups. Mean EI ranged from 5.8 to 8.6 MJ/d among women and from 7.2 to 10.5 MJ/d among men, with carbohydrates contributing between 55.7% and 74.2% and fat contributing between 14.5% and 30.2% of total EI. Mean protein intake ranged from 0.72 to 1.3 g/kg per d, and EI:BMR ratio ranged between 1.1 and 1.6 in both sexes, and was highest among the Luo. Prevalence of underweight (BMI <18.5 kg/m2) was 13.7%, 20.5% and 24.2% in the Luo, Kamba and Maasai, respectively. Conclusions. The degree of food insecurity measured as a degree of undernutrition and as dietary patterns differed considerably among the ethnic groups. The Maasai and Kamba in particular were exposed to food insecurity. Copyright © The Authors 2011.

U2 - 10.1017/S1368980010003782

DO - 10.1017/S1368980010003782

JO - Public Health Nutrition

JF - Public Health Nutrition

SN - 1368-9800

IS - 9

VL - 14

SP - 1671

EP - 1679

ER -