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Studies have shown several beneficial effects of dietary diacylglycerol oil (DAG oil), but the mechanism behind these effects is still not clear. One hypothesis is that an increase in portal vein transport of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) with subsequent oxidation in the liver might be responsible for the positive effects. We examined the portal vein transport of NEFA and other lipid related variables, in response to DAG and triacylglycerol (TAG) bolus feeding and a bolus of standard pig feed in 4 portal vein and mesenteric artery catheterized pigs. Also, the effect of the boluses on postprandial lipid variables was examined. Portal vein transport of NEFA did not differ when pigs were administered the 2 oil bolus diets, consistent with the similar portal plasma concentrations of oleic and linolenic acids during h 1 after feeding. Glycerol, on the contrary, was transported by the portal vein to a much higher degree after intake of DAG oil (P <0.001; 20, 40, and 60 min). The postprandial arterial TAG response at 5 and 6 h postprandially was significantly lower after the DAG bolus intake. Analysis of Delta AUC for the 6-h postprandial period of selected and total fatty acids showed a lower concentration of vaccenic acid (P = 0.002) after the DAG bolus diet. In conclusion, DAG bolus feeding did not increase the portal transport of NEFA, but it did increase the portal transport of glycerol and lower the postprandial lipid concentration in arterial plasma.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Publication dateJul 2006
Volume136
Issue7
Pages1800-1805
ISSN0022-3166
StatePublished

Keywords

  • diacylglycerols, lipid absolption, postprandial lipid response, portal vein transport, nonesterified fatty acids
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