Determination of plutonium isotopes in waters and environmental solids: A review

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2009

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A number of analytical methods have been developed in the past few years for environmental monitoring of plutonium (Pu) isotopes around nuclear facilities within protocols for emergency preparedness as well as for risk assessment of contaminated areas resulting from nuclear weapon tests, nuclear accidents, and the discharge of nuclear waste. This article summarizes and critically compares recently reported methods for determination of Pu isotopes in waters and environmental solid substrates, in which sample pre-treatment is imperative for separation of the target species from matrix ingredients and/or potentially interfering nuclides prior to detection by radiometric or mass spectrometric techniques. Also discussed, via representative examples, is the automation of the entire analytical protocol by on-line extraction chromatography and ion exchange chromatography using flow injection (FI) or sequential injection (SI) approaches.
Original languageEnglish
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Publication date2009
Volume652
Issue1-2
Pages66-84
ISSN0003-2670
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 32

Keywords

  • Radioecology and tracer studies, Nuclear technologies
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