Detection of Paroxysms in Long-Term, Single Channel EEG-Monitoring of Patients with Typical Absence Seizures.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2017

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Absence seizures are associated with generalized 2.5-5 Hz spike-wave discharges in the EEG. Rarely are patients, parents or physicians aware of duration or incidence of seizures. Six patients were monitored with a portable EEG-device over four times 24 hours to evaluate how easily outpatients are monitored and how well an automatic seizure detection algorithm can identify the absences. Based on patient-specific modeling, we achieved a sensitivity of 98.4% with only 0.23 false detections per hour. This yields a clinically satisfying performance with a positive predictive value of 87.1%. Portable EEG-recorders identifying paroxystic events in epilepsy outpatients are a
promising tool for patients and physicians dealing with absence epilepsy. Albeit the small size of the EEG-device, some children still complained about the obtrusive nature of the device. We aim at developing less obtrusive though still very efficient devices e.g. hidden in the ear canal or below the skin.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Number of pages8
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 2017

Bibliographical note

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CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

Keywords

  • Absence Seizures, Automatic Seizure Detection, Epilepsy, Single Channel EEG, SVM
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