Design of centrifugal compressors for heat pump systems

Research output: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2018

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This work presents a mean-line model of a centrifugal compressor and a method for a coupled optimization with a heat pump system. The compressor model was validated with five test cases from the open literature including the working fluids: air, refrigerant R-134a and carbon dioxide. Afterwards, the compressor model was coupled and optimized with that of a heat pump cycle supplying steam at 150 °C. Two cycle configurations were considered: an open-loop system using steam, and a closed-loop system with five other working fluid candidates. The compressor was designed using a multi-objective optimization algorithm, which seeks to maximize simultaneously the cycle coefficient of performance and the supplied heat flow rate. The method employed in this work considers the possible trade-offs regarding cycle and compressor design criteria, and can be used to identify cost-effective solutions for the next generation of heat pumps. The obtained results suggest that a two-stage compressor using steam yields the highest values of coefficient of performance and heat supply, and at the same time requires a more challenging compressor design.
Original languageEnglish
JournalApplied Energy
Volume232
Pages (from-to)139-156
ISSN0306-2619
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI

    Research areas

  • Turbocompressor, Validation, Preliminary design, Refrigerant, High-temperature heat pump, 2010 MSC: 00-01 99-00
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