Design and modelling of a novel compact power cycle for low temperature heat sources

Publication: ResearchArticle in proceedings – Annual report year: 2012

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Power cycles for the efficient use of low temperature heat sources experience increasing attention. This paper describes an alternative cycle design that offers potential advantages in terms of heat source exploitation. A concept for a reciprocating expander is presented that performs both, work extraction and heat addition. Heated by thermal oil, evaporation takes place in two expansion chambers with a transfer of
the working fluid at an intermediate pressure level. Using saturated liquid as feed leads to an expansion in the two-phase domain. A dynamic model of this expander is used to determine the state of the working fluid during the process. Based on this model, a first optimisation by means of changed valve timing is conducted and the results of this scenario are shown in this paper. The heat transfer during expansion is investigated and used to establish a representation of the dynamic calculation results for use with a steady state cycle evaluation. An organic Rankine cycle model is developed and used for a comparison. The performance of the expander itself and the different requirements regarding heat source and temperature levels are studied.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ECOS 2012
EditorsUmberto Desideri, Giampaolo Manfrida, Enrico Sciubba
Number of pages15
Publication date2012
StatePublished - 2012
EventECOS 2012 - Perugia, Italy


ConferenceECOS 2012
Internet address
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ID: 9890294