Demand response for a secure power system operation

Research output: ResearchPh.D. thesis – Annual report year: 2018


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Demand response will become important for the integration of renewable energy sources in the power system. By controlling large pools of small sized consumption units, aggregators of demand response will provide ancillary services to Transmission System Operators and flexibility services to Distribution System Operators and Balance Responsible Parties. Since these services are essential for the secure operation of the grid, the aggregators must be validated. The process applied to traditional ancillary service resources cannot be applied to aggregators since the yare composed by geographically distributed heterogeneous resources. Departing from the current methods employed by Transmission System Operators for validating ancillary service resources, this thesis presents a procedure for validating aggregators. The procedure consists of documentation of the aggregator capabilities and a conceptual framework for aggregator validation testing. The documentation of aggregator capabilities is done through a Functional Reference Architecture for aggregators. The reference architecture identifies the basic functions that an aggregator must posses in order to do a successful service provision. The conceptual validation framework defines the test setup for aggregator validationtests. The validation tests must capture the stochastic nature of the aggregator, therefore the validation procedure makes use of concepts from the field of statistical test design. Benchmark scenarios and service requirements are the inputs to the validationtests. The service requirements are redefined in order to be inclusive of new technologies as ancillary service resources. This is done by redefining services in terms of performance, and removing requirements that assume service provision by large centralized generators. Serviceperformance evaluation and the service verification are the outputs of the validation tests. Also these concepts are redefined to suit the aggregator concept. Through general service models and service performance indices (inspired by the field of Control Performance Assessment), the service provision from aggregators can be evaluated.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherTechnical University of Denmark (DTU)
Number of pages164
StatePublished - 2017
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ID: 159428029