Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve. / Xu, Zhao; Østergaard, Jacob; Togeby, Mikael.

In: I E E E Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2011, p. 1062-1071.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Author

Xu, Zhao; Østergaard, Jacob; Togeby, Mikael / Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve.

In: I E E E Transactions on Power Systems, Vol. 26, No. 3, 2011, p. 1062-1071.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{f5b023912c164090b9786e80f356f932,
title = "Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve",
keywords = "Frequency measurement, Resistance heating, Demand side, Home appliances, Frequency control, wind power, Water heating, Power system modeling and simulation",
publisher = "I E E E",
author = "Zhao Xu and Jacob Østergaard and Mikael Togeby",
note = "Copyright 2009 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.",
year = "2011",
doi = "10.1109/TPWRS.2010.2080293",
volume = "26",
number = "3",
pages = "1062--1071",
journal = "I E E E Transactions on Power Systems",
issn = "0885-8950",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Demand as Frequency Controlled Reserve

A1 - Xu,Zhao

A1 - Østergaard,Jacob

A1 - Togeby,Mikael

AU - Xu,Zhao

AU - Østergaard,Jacob

AU - Togeby,Mikael

PB - I E E E

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Relying on generation side alone is deemed insufficient to fulfill the system balancing needs for future Danish power system, where a 50% wind penetration is outlined by the government for year 2025. This paper investigates using the electricity demand as frequency controlled reserve (DFR) as a new balancing measure, which has a high potential and can provide many advantages. Firstly, the background of the research is reviewed, including conventional power system reserves and the electricity demand side potentials. Subsequently, the control logics and corresponding design considerations for the DFR technology have been developed and analysed, based on which simulation models have been constructed using the DIgSILENT Power Factory platform. The simulation studies of different scenarios confirm that the DFR can provide reliable performance of frequency control. Furthermore, relevant issues regarding implementing DFR in reality have been discussed.

AB - Relying on generation side alone is deemed insufficient to fulfill the system balancing needs for future Danish power system, where a 50% wind penetration is outlined by the government for year 2025. This paper investigates using the electricity demand as frequency controlled reserve (DFR) as a new balancing measure, which has a high potential and can provide many advantages. Firstly, the background of the research is reviewed, including conventional power system reserves and the electricity demand side potentials. Subsequently, the control logics and corresponding design considerations for the DFR technology have been developed and analysed, based on which simulation models have been constructed using the DIgSILENT Power Factory platform. The simulation studies of different scenarios confirm that the DFR can provide reliable performance of frequency control. Furthermore, relevant issues regarding implementing DFR in reality have been discussed.

KW - Frequency measurement

KW - Resistance heating

KW - Demand side

KW - Home appliances

KW - Frequency control

KW - wind power

KW - Water heating

KW - Power system modeling and simulation

U2 - 10.1109/TPWRS.2010.2080293

DO - 10.1109/TPWRS.2010.2080293

JO - I E E E Transactions on Power Systems

JF - I E E E Transactions on Power Systems

SN - 0885-8950

IS - 3

VL - 26

SP - 1062

EP - 1071

ER -