Defect structure, electronic conductivity and expansion of properties of (La1−xSrx)sCo1−yNiyO3−δ

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Defect structure, electronic conductivity and expansion of properties of (La1−xSrx)sCo1−yNiyO3−δ. / Hjalmarsson, Per; Søgaard, Martin; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 183, No. 8, 2010, p. 1853-1862.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

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Author

Hjalmarsson, Per; Søgaard, Martin; Mogensen, Mogens Bjerg / Defect structure, electronic conductivity and expansion of properties of (La1−xSrx)sCo1−yNiyO3−δ.

In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, Vol. 183, No. 8, 2010, p. 1853-1862.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2010

Bibtex

@article{e41c79caf393427ab57b8db065d7498a,
title = "Defect structure, electronic conductivity and expansion of properties of (La1−xSrx)sCo1−yNiyO3−δ",
keywords = "Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, Fuel Cells and hydrogen, Brændselsceller og brint",
publisher = "Academic Press",
author = "Per Hjalmarsson and Martin Søgaard and Mogensen, {Mogens Bjerg}",
year = "2010",
doi = "10.1016/j.jssc.2010.04.044",
volume = "183",
number = "8",
pages = "1853--1862",
journal = "Journal of Solid State Chemistry",
issn = "0022-4596",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Defect structure, electronic conductivity and expansion of properties of (La<sub>1−x</sub>Sr<sub>x</sub>)<sub>s</sub>Co<sub>1−y</sub>Ni<sub>y</sub>O<sub>3−δ</sub>

A1 - Hjalmarsson,Per

A1 - Søgaard,Martin

A1 - Mogensen,Mogens Bjerg

AU - Hjalmarsson,Per

AU - Søgaard,Martin

AU - Mogensen,Mogens Bjerg

PB - Academic Press

PY - 2010

Y1 - 2010

N2 - This study reports on oxygen nonstoichiometry, electronic conductivity and lattice expansion of three compositions as function of T and PO2 in the (La1−xSrx)sCo1−yNiyO3−δ (x=0.1, y=0.4; x=0.1, y=0.3; x=0.2, y=0.2) materials system. The nonstoichiometry data were successfully fitted using the itinerant electron model which indicates the existence of delocalized electronic states. This was also reflected in the high electronic conductivities, above 1000 S cm−1, measured for all three compositions. The electronic conductivity was shown to decrease linearly with the oxygen nonstoichiometry parameter, δ, supporting that the conductivity is dependent on p-type charge carriers. Comparing calculated p-type mobilities with data reported in literature on La1−xSrxCoO3 indicated that Ni-substitution into (La1−xSrx)sCoO3−δ increases the p-type mobility. The electronic conductivity was also found to be dependent on intrinsic charge related to spin excitations and Ni substitution rather than the p-type charge. A conductivity mechanism is hypothesized including a metallic like conductivity of the p-type charge and a small polaron conductivity of the intrinsic charge. Lattice expansion as function of T and δ was successfully described using first and second order thermal and chemical expansion coefficients. Substituting 10% Co with Ni in (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3−δ was found to decrease the apparent thermal expansion with about 25%.

AB - This study reports on oxygen nonstoichiometry, electronic conductivity and lattice expansion of three compositions as function of T and PO2 in the (La1−xSrx)sCo1−yNiyO3−δ (x=0.1, y=0.4; x=0.1, y=0.3; x=0.2, y=0.2) materials system. The nonstoichiometry data were successfully fitted using the itinerant electron model which indicates the existence of delocalized electronic states. This was also reflected in the high electronic conductivities, above 1000 S cm−1, measured for all three compositions. The electronic conductivity was shown to decrease linearly with the oxygen nonstoichiometry parameter, δ, supporting that the conductivity is dependent on p-type charge carriers. Comparing calculated p-type mobilities with data reported in literature on La1−xSrxCoO3 indicated that Ni-substitution into (La1−xSrx)sCoO3−δ increases the p-type mobility. The electronic conductivity was also found to be dependent on intrinsic charge related to spin excitations and Ni substitution rather than the p-type charge. A conductivity mechanism is hypothesized including a metallic like conductivity of the p-type charge and a small polaron conductivity of the intrinsic charge. Lattice expansion as function of T and δ was successfully described using first and second order thermal and chemical expansion coefficients. Substituting 10% Co with Ni in (La0.6Sr0.4)0.99CoO3−δ was found to decrease the apparent thermal expansion with about 25%.

KW - Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

KW - Fuel Cells and hydrogen

KW - Brændselsceller og brint

U2 - 10.1016/j.jssc.2010.04.044

DO - 10.1016/j.jssc.2010.04.044

JO - Journal of Solid State Chemistry

JF - Journal of Solid State Chemistry

SN - 0022-4596

IS - 8

VL - 183

SP - 1853

EP - 1862

ER -