Day-ahead tariffs for the alleviation of distribution grid congestion from electric vehicles

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2012



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An economically efficient day-ahead tariff (DT) is proposed with the purpose of preventing the
distribution grid congestion resulting from electric vehicle (EV) charging scheduled on a dayahead
basis. The DT concept developed herein is derived from the locational marginal price
(LMP), in particular the congestion cost component of the LMP. A step-wise congestion
management structure has been developed whereby the distribution system operator (DSO)
predicts congestion for the coming day and publishes DTs prior to the clearing of the day-ahead
market. EV fleet operators (FOs) optimize their EV charging schedules with respect to the
predicted day-ahead prices and the published DTs, thereby avoiding congestion while still
minimizing the charging cost. A Danish 400V distribution network is used to carry out case
studies to illustrate the effectiveness of the developed concept for the prevention of distribution
grid congestion from EV charging. The case study results show that the concept is successful in
a number of situations, most notably a system over-load of 155% can be successfully alleviated
on the test distribution network.
Original languageEnglish
JournalElectric Power Systems Research
Pages (from-to)106-114
StatePublished - 2012
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 29


  • Day-ahead tariff, Congestion alleviation, Distribution grid, Locational marginal price, Electric vehicle charging management
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