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Phosphoric acid-doped polybenzimidazole (PBI) has been suggested as a promising electrolyte for proton exchangemembrane fuel cells operating at temperatures up to 200 ◦C. This paper describes the development of a crosslinking procedure for PBI membranes by post-treatment with divinylsulfone. The crosslinking chemistry was studied and optimized on a low-molecularweight model system and the results were used to optimize the crosslinking conditions of PBI membranes. The crosslinked membraneswere characterized with respect to chemical and physiochemical properties, showing improved mechanical strength and oxidative stability compared with their linear analogues. Fuel cell tests were further conducted in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the crosslinked membranes.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPolymer International
Volume60
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1201-1207
ISSN0959-8103
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011
Peer-reviewedYes
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 23

Keywords

  • Crosslinking, Proton exchangemembranes, Fuel cells, Polybenzimidazole, Divinylsulfone
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