Counting methods are decisive for rankings based on publication and citation studies

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2005

Without internal affiliation

  • Author: Gauffriau, Marianne

    Royal School for Library & Information Science

  • Author: Larsen, Peder Olesen

    Aarhus University

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For all rankings Of Countries research output based on number of publications or citations compared with population, GDP, R&D and public R&D expenses, and other national characteristics the counting method is decisive. Total counting (full credit to a country when at least one of the authors is from this country) and Fractional Counting (a country receives a fraction of full credit for a publication equal to the fraction of authors from this country) Of publications give widely different results. Counting methods must be stated, rankings based on different counting methods cannot be compared, and Fractional Counting is to be preferred.
Original languageEnglish
JournalScientometrics
Publication date2005
Volume64
Issue1
Pages85-93
ISSN0138-9130
DOIs
StatePublished
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: 33
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