Standard

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{8f4266235f7c42fba27780416235e0d1,
title = "Correlation of antigen-specific IFN-γ responses of fresh blood samples from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infected heifers with responses of day-old samples co-cultured with IL-12 or anti-IL-10 antibodies",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
author = "Heidi Mikkelsen and Claus Aagaard and Nielsen, {Søren Saxmose} and Gregers Jungersen",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.vetimm.2012.04.002",
volume = "147",
number = "1-2",
pages = "69--76",
journal = "Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology",
issn = "0165-2427",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Correlation of antigen-specific IFN-γ responses of fresh blood samples from Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis infected heifers with responses of day-old samples co-cultured with IL-12 or anti-IL-10 antibodies

A1 - Mikkelsen,Heidi

A1 - Aagaard,Claus

A1 - Nielsen,Søren Saxmose

A1 - Jungersen,Gregers

AU - Mikkelsen,Heidi

AU - Aagaard,Claus

AU - Nielsen,Søren Saxmose

AU - Jungersen,Gregers

PB - Elsevier BV

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Paratuberculosis is a chronic infection of the intestine of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Early stage MAP infection can be detected by measuring cell-mediated immune responses using the interferon gamma (IFN-γ) assay. Whole blood samples are cultured overnight with specific MAP antigens followed by quantification of IFN-γ by ELISA. It is recommended that the time interval from sampling to culture does not exceed eight hours but addition of the co-stimulating cytokine interleukin 12 (IL-12) or anti-IL-10 antibodies to culture have been demonstrated to enhance IFN-γ responses of cultures stimulated with Johnin purified protein derivative (PPDj). Here we examined the correlation of IFN-γ production in response to PPDj and 15 recombinant antigens in day-old blood samples from heifers 10–21 months of age from a MAP infected herd with addition of either recombinant bovine IL-12 or anti-bovine IL-10 antibody with IFN-γ production in sample day samples. IFN-γ responses of sample day samples showed high correlation with responses to some antigens in day-old samples with addition of IL-12 or anti-IL-10 antibodies to cultures, indicating that day-old protocols can be applied as an alternative to the conventional IFN-γ protocol. Immunogenicity of the novel antigens was generally low for day-old samples. The most promising antigen using the day-old protocol with addition of IL-12 was latency protein LATP-2 as correlations, immunogenicity and diagnostic specificity collectively was high. The latency protein LATP-1 was the most promising antigen in the day-old protocol with addition of anti-IL-10 antibodies.

AB - Paratuberculosis is a chronic infection of the intestine of ruminants caused by Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis (MAP). Early stage MAP infection can be detected by measuring cell-mediated immune responses using the interferon gamma (IFN-γ) assay. Whole blood samples are cultured overnight with specific MAP antigens followed by quantification of IFN-γ by ELISA. It is recommended that the time interval from sampling to culture does not exceed eight hours but addition of the co-stimulating cytokine interleukin 12 (IL-12) or anti-IL-10 antibodies to culture have been demonstrated to enhance IFN-γ responses of cultures stimulated with Johnin purified protein derivative (PPDj). Here we examined the correlation of IFN-γ production in response to PPDj and 15 recombinant antigens in day-old blood samples from heifers 10–21 months of age from a MAP infected herd with addition of either recombinant bovine IL-12 or anti-bovine IL-10 antibody with IFN-γ production in sample day samples. IFN-γ responses of sample day samples showed high correlation with responses to some antigens in day-old samples with addition of IL-12 or anti-IL-10 antibodies to cultures, indicating that day-old protocols can be applied as an alternative to the conventional IFN-γ protocol. Immunogenicity of the novel antigens was generally low for day-old samples. The most promising antigen using the day-old protocol with addition of IL-12 was latency protein LATP-2 as correlations, immunogenicity and diagnostic specificity collectively was high. The latency protein LATP-1 was the most promising antigen in the day-old protocol with addition of anti-IL-10 antibodies.

KW - Antigens

KW - Cell-mediated immunity

KW - Day-old samples

KW - nterferon-gamma

KW - Paratuberculosis

U2 - 10.1016/j.vetimm.2012.04.002

DO - 10.1016/j.vetimm.2012.04.002

JO - Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology

JF - Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology

SN - 0165-2427

IS - 1-2

VL - 147

SP - 69

EP - 76

ER -