Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck. / Fosgerau, Mogens; Palma, André de.

In: Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 71, No. 3, 05.2012, p. 269-277.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

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Author

Fosgerau, Mogens; Palma, André de / Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck.

In: Journal of Urban Economics, Vol. 71, No. 3, 05.2012, p. 269-277.

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2011

Bibtex

@article{da13169e9cd94e74813b598fa9798b78,
title = "Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck",
keywords = "Spatial differentiation, Acceptability, Dynamic model, Toll policy",
publisher = "Academic Press",
author = "Mogens Fosgerau and Palma, {André de}",
note = "We thank Richard Arnott as well as the editor Robert Helsley and two referees for very insightful comments. Mogens Fosgerau is funded by the Danish Council for Strategic Research. Support is gratefully acknowledged from PREDIT and ADEME grants to project ”Tarification des Transports Individuels et Collectifs à Paris: Dynamique de l’acceptabilité”. The opinions and conclusionsexpressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of the Ministère de l’Ecologie, de l’Energie, du Développement durable et de la Mer. This paper has been screened to make sure that no confidential information has been disclosed by the authors.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.jue.2011.12.002",
volume = "71",
number = "3",
pages = "269--277",
journal = "Journal of Urban Economics",
issn = "0094-1190",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Congestion in a city with a central bottleneck

A1 - Fosgerau,Mogens

A1 - Palma,André de

AU - Fosgerau,Mogens

AU - Palma,André de

PB - Academic Press

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - We consider dynamic congestion in an urban setting where trip origins are spatially distributed. All travelers must pass through a downtown bottleneck in order to reach their destination in the CBD. Each traveler chooses departure time to maximize general concave scheduling utility. We find that, at equilibrium, travelers sort according to their distance to the destination; the queue is always unimodal regardless of the spatial distribution of trip origins. We construct a welfare maximizing tolling regime, which eliminates congestion. All travelers located beyond a critical distance from the CBD gain from tolling, even when toll revenues are not redistributed, while nearby travelers lose. We discuss our results in the context of acceptability of tolling policies.

AB - We consider dynamic congestion in an urban setting where trip origins are spatially distributed. All travelers must pass through a downtown bottleneck in order to reach their destination in the CBD. Each traveler chooses departure time to maximize general concave scheduling utility. We find that, at equilibrium, travelers sort according to their distance to the destination; the queue is always unimodal regardless of the spatial distribution of trip origins. We construct a welfare maximizing tolling regime, which eliminates congestion. All travelers located beyond a critical distance from the CBD gain from tolling, even when toll revenues are not redistributed, while nearby travelers lose. We discuss our results in the context of acceptability of tolling policies.

KW - Spatial differentiation

KW - Acceptability

KW - Dynamic model

KW - Toll policy

U2 - 10.1016/j.jue.2011.12.002

DO - 10.1016/j.jue.2011.12.002

JO - Journal of Urban Economics

JF - Journal of Urban Economics

SN - 0094-1190

IS - 3

VL - 71

SP - 269

EP - 277

ER -