Complete genome sequence of the sugarcane nitrogen-fixing endophyte Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus Pal5

Publication: Research - peer-reviewJournal article – Annual report year: 2009

Without internal affiliation

  • Author: dos Santos, Marcelo Bertalan Quintanilha

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

  • Author: Albano, Rodolpho

  • Author: de Padua, Vania

  • Author: Rouws, Luc

  • Author: Rojas, Cristian

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Hemerly, Adriana

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Teixeira, Katia

  • Author: Schwab, Stefan

  • Author: Araujo, Jean

  • Author: Oliveira, Andre

  • Author: Franca, Leonardo

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Magalhaes, Viviane

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Alqueres, Sylvia

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Cardoso, Alexander

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Almeida, Welington

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Loureiro, Marcio Martins

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Nogueira, Eduardo

  • Author: Cidade, Daniela

  • Author: Oliveira, Denise

  • Author: Simao, Tatiana

  • Author: Macedo, Jacyara

  • Author: Valadao, Ana

  • Author: Dreschsel, Marcela

  • Author: Freitas, Flavia

  • Author: Vidal, Marcia

  • Author: Guedes, Helma

  • Author: Rodrigues, Elisete

  • Author: Meneses, Carlos

  • Author: Brioso, Paulo

  • Author: Pozzer, Luciana

  • Author: Figueiredo, Daniel

  • Author: Montano, Helena

  • Author: Junior, Jadier

  • Author: de Souza Filho, Goncalo

  • Author: Quintana Flores, Victor Martin

  • Author: Ferreira, Beatriz

  • Author: Branco, Alan

  • Author: Gonzalez, Paula

  • Author: Guillobel, Heloisa

  • Author: Lemos, Melissa

  • Author: Seibel, Luiz

  • Author: Macedo, Jose

  • Author: Alves-Ferreira, Marcio

  • Author: Sachetto-Martins, Gilberto

  • Author: Coelho, Ana

  • Author: Santos, Eidy

  • Author: Amaral, Gilda

  • Author: Neves, Anna

  • Author: Pacheco, Ana Beatriz

  • Author: Carvalho, Daniela

  • Author: Lery, Leticia

  • Author: Bisch, Paulo

  • Author: Roessle, Shaila C.

  • Author: Uermenyi, Turan

  • Author: Pereira, Rael Alessandra

  • Author: Silva, Rosane

  • Author: Rondinelli, Edson

  • Author: von Krueger, Wanda

  • Author: Martins, Orlando

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

  • Author: Jose Ivo, Baldani

  • Author: Ferreira, Paulo

    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

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Background: Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus Pal5 is an endophytic diazotrophic bacterium that lives in association with sugarcane plants. It has important biotechnological features such as nitrogen fixation, plant growth promotion, sugar metabolism pathways, secretion of organic acids, synthesis of auxin and the occurrence of bacteriocins. Results: Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus Pal5 is the third diazotrophic endophytic bacterium to be completely sequenced. Its genome is composed of a 3.9 Mb chromosome and 2 plasmids of 16.6 and 38.8 kb, respectively. We annotated 3,938 coding sequences which reveal several characteristics related to the endophytic lifestyle such as nitrogen fixation, plant growth promotion, sugar metabolism, transport systems, synthesis of auxin and the occurrence of bacteriocins. Genomic analysis identified a core component of 894 genes shared with phylogenetically related bacteria. Gene clusters for gum-like polysaccharide biosynthesis, tad pilus, quorum sensing, for modulation of plant growth by indole acetic acid and mechanisms involved in tolerance to acidic conditions were identified and may be related to the sugarcane endophytic and plant-growth promoting traits of G. diazotrophicus. An accessory component of at least 851 genes distributed in genome islands was identified, and was most likely acquired by horizontal gene transfer. This portion of the genome has likely contributed to adaptation to the plant habitat. Conclusion: The genome data offer an important resource of information that can be used to manipulate plant/bacterium interactions with the aim of improving sugarcane crop production and other biotechnological applications.
Original languageEnglish
JournalB M C Genomics
Volume10
Pages (from-to)450
ISSN1471-2164
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009
CitationsWeb of Science® Times Cited: No match on DOI
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